Sheetal Nijhawan

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PURPOSE Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha is a mediator of neuronal cell death and survival in ischemia-reperfusion injury. This study was conducted to further elucidate the role of TNF-alpha and its receptor in an in vivo model of retinal ischemia-reperfusion injury by investigating its effects on retinal histopathology and function. METHODS Retinal(More)
Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been the focus of several studies as a less invasive alternative to conventional laparoscopy to access and treat intracavitary organs. For the last 5 years, much has been accomplished with animal studies, yet the clinical utilization of this novel technique is still modest. After 2 years of(More)
“Pure” NOTES and “hybrid” NOTES procedures have gained popularity during the past few years. However, most of these published series have been documented outside the United States. This is a prospective, nonrandomized series of patients. Female subjects who presented to the University of California at San Diego surgery clinic for elective cholecystectomy(More)
METHODS. Retinal ischemia–reperfusion injury was performed on p55 and p75 knockout (KO) mice and Sprague–Dawley rats using the high intraocular pressure method. The temporal expression of TNFwas ascertained with immunohistochemical staining. Separate rats received intravitreal recombinant TNFor neutralizing antibody before or after ischemia. TUNEL labeling(More)
It has been published that patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery have impaired alcohol metabolism, predisposing them to higher rates of intoxication and DUI arrests. Yet the impact of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on alcohol metabolism and in particular the long-term effects are still unclear. We hypothesized that LSG does not alter alcohol(More)
Obesity and its attendant comorbidities are an emerging epidemic. Chronic metabolic inflammation (metainflammation) is thought to precipitate obesity-associated morbidities; however, its mechanistic progression is poorly understood. Moreover, although interventions such as diet, exercise, and bariatric surgery can control body weight, their effects on(More)
From our early experience with NOTES, our group has acquired familiarity with transesophageal submucosal dissection and myotomy in swine model, which allowed us to perfect a model to perform purely endoscopic transesophageal myotomy (TEEM) for the treatment of achalasia and apply it into clinical practice. This study was designed to assess the safety,(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO) has been viewed traditionally as a hematopoietic cytokine. Emerging evidence now exists supporting a physiologic role for EPO within the nervous system. EPO is expressed in the developing central nervous system and is capable of regulating the production of neuronal progenitor cells. There are numerous preclinical studies demonstrating(More)
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