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BACKGROUND The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays an important role in the growth and survival of many human tumors of epithelial origin. EGFR variant III (EGFRvIII) is a truncated form of EGFR that does not bind ligand, is constitutively active, and is reported to be coexpressed with EGFR in some human tumors including breast, glioblastoma,(More)
Influenza A virus segment 2 is known to encode two polypeptides in overlapping open reading frames: PB1, the polymerase, and PB1-F2, a proapoptotic virulence factor. We show that a third major polypeptide is synthesized from PB1 mRNA via differential AUG codon usage. PB1 codon 40 directs translation of an N-terminally truncated version of the polypeptide(More)
Heparanase is an endoglucuronidase that plays an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. A full-length heparanase gene was cloned from a mouse embryo cDNA library and determined to encode a protein of 535 amino acids that is 77% identical to human heparanase. The full-length mouse gene was stably expressed in NS0 myeloma cells. The recombinant(More)
The anti-VEGF receptor 2 antibody IMC-1121B is a promising antiangiogenic drug being tested for treatment of breast and gastric cancer. We have determined the structure of the 1121B Fab fragment in complex with domain 3 of VEGFR2, as well as the structure of a different neutralizing anti-VEGFR2 antibody, 6.64, also in complex with VEGFR2 domain 3. The two(More)
Mutations in the kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) were identified in approximately 15% of all patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These mutations have been established as an indicator of superior response to gefitinib and erlotinib, small molecule inhibitors of the EGFR kinase domain. Whether these mutations would(More)
CENP-A is an essential histone H3 variant found in all eukaryotes examined to date. To begin to determine how CENP-A is assembled into chromatin, we developed a binding assay using sperm chromatin in cell-free extract derived from Xenopus eggs. Our data suggest that the catalytic activities of an unidentified deoxycytidine deaminase and UNG2, a uracil DNA(More)
A novel class of pyrimido[4,5-b]-1,4-benzoxazepines is described as inhibitors of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase. Two compounds display potent EGFR inhibitory activity of less than 1 microM in cellular phosphorylation assays (IC(50) 0.47-0.69 microM) and are highly selective against a small kinase panel. Such compounds demonstrate(More)
A novel triazole-containing chemical series was shown to inhibit tubulin polymerization and cause cell cycle arrest in A431 cancer cells with EC(50) values in the single digit nanomolar range. Binding experiments demonstrated that representative active compounds of this class compete with colchicine for its binding site on tubulin. The syntheses and(More)
A series of arylphthalazine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as antagonists of VEGF receptor II (VEGFR-2). IM-094482 57, which was prepared in two steps from commercially available starting materials, was found to be a potent inhibitor of VEGFR-2 in enzymatic, cellular and mitogenic assays (comparable activity to ZD-6474). Additionally, 57(More)
Parents of children with eating disorders experience extreme emotional burden because of the intensity and duration of the recovery process. While parental involvement in a child's eating disorder treatment improves outcomes, parents often neglect their own well-being, which can impede their child's recovery. This study extends the research on caregivers(More)
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