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The peroneus quartus (PQ) is an accessory muscle of the peroneal/lateral compartment of the leg. The muscle has often been implicated as a cause of pain in the lateral ankle region, and subluxation or attrition of the peroneal tendons. The present study was aimed at observing the prevalence and morphology of this muscle in human cadavers. Ninety-two(More)
Introduction The renal arteries arise from abdominal aorta below the origin of superior mesenteric artery, on each side. Near the hilum of the kidney, each renal artery divides into anterior and posterior branch, which in turn divides into number of segmental arteries supplying the different renal segments. The presence of unusual branching patterns of the(More)
Advancement in imaging techniques and interventional cardiology procedures have generated renewed interest in anatomy of tricuspid valve complex. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the morphology of tricuspid valve leaflets using objective criteria. Thirty-six embalmed cadaveric hearts were utilized for the present study. Leaflet(More)
During the strengthening and weakening procedures of intraocular muscles, distance of insertion from the sclerocorneal junction is an important determinant in the identification of muscles. During repositioning of the aponeurosis of the muscles, it is desired that the width should not change in order to avoid diversion of forces. Available anatomic studies(More)
 Anatomical variations of duodenum such as atresia, stenosis, and variations in shape have been described by various authors, but the existence of a gross anomaly in shape and position of midgut segment of the duodenum is rare. Few reported cases of duodenal anomalies date back to early twentieth century. In the wake of advancement of imaging techniques and(More)
CONTEXT The terminal ends of gonadal veins act as an entry portal in gonadal embolization procedures used for treating varicocele in males and pelvic congestion disease in females. Here, we studied the modes of termination of gonadal veins in adult cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-five adult formalin-fixed cadavers (seventy sides) were studied over(More)
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