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Clubroot, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, is an important soilborne disease of canola (Brassica napus) in Alberta, Canada. Genetic resistance is the most effective clubroot management tool, and resistant cultivars are grown extensively in affected regions. In 2013, relatively severe symptoms of clubroot were observed in some fields of resistant canola.(More)
UNLABELLED Plasmodiophora brassicae causes clubroot disease in cruciferous plants, and is an emerging threat to Canadian canola (Brassica napus) production. This review focuses on recent studies into the pathogenic diversity of P. brassicae populations, mechanisms of pathogenesis and resistance, and the development of diagnostic tests for pathogen detection(More)
Leptosphaeria maculans is a fungal pathogen causing blackleg in canola. Its virulence has been attributed, among other factors, to the activity of hydrolytic cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs). Studies on the pathogenicity function of CWDEs in plant pathogenic fungi have been difficult due to gene redundancy. In microorganisms many CWDE genes are repressed(More)
Tan spot, caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis, is an important foliar disease of wheat. In the present study, a gene named glucanase gene (GLU1) encoding a putative exo-1,3-β-glucanase was cloned from a race five isolate of P. tritici-repentis. Transcription profile analysis of the GLU1 gene showed a carbon source control of the accumulation of(More)
Information on the molecular basis of pathogenicity of the clubroot pathogen Plasmodiophora brassicae is very limited. Although the sequences of more than 100 P. brassicae genes are available in GenBank, their expression and regulation are largely unknown. In this study, specific primers were designed and used to amplify genomic fragments of 118 P.(More)
The disease cycle of Plasmodiophora brassicae consists of a primary phase in root hairs followed by a secondary phase in the root cortex and adjacent tissues. However, the role of root hair infection in subsequent cortical infection and development of P. brassicae is not well understood. To examine the role of the primary and secondary stages separately,(More)
Resting spores of Plasmodiophora brassicae, the causative agent of clubroot in canola (Brassica napus) and other members of the Brassicaceae, can survive in soil for many years. Information on their vertical distribution in the soil profile is required to assess the efficacy of control measures and strategies for management of infested soil, for instance in(More)
Clubroot, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, is one of the most serious diseases of cultivated cruciferous crops in the world. However, the basis for pathogenicity in P. brassicae is not well understood. In this study, a serine protease gene (PRO1) was cloned from P. brassicae and its molecular characteristics were investigated. Southern analysis and(More)
A protocol for genetic transformation of the obligate parasite Plasmodiophora brassicae, causal agent of clubroot of crucifers, was developed. In this protocol, protoplast preparation was superseded with lithium acetate treatment and the selection step was omitted. In two independent experiments, germinating resting spores of P. brassicae were transformed(More)
Clubroot, caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, has two infection stages (primary and secondary). Although primary infection occurs in many plant species, secondary infection only continues to completion in susceptible hosts. As part of a larger study of clubroot pathogenesis, secondary zoospores collected from infected root hairs of canola and ryegrass were(More)