Shayne Mason

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The diagnosis of respiratory chain deficiencies (RCDs) is complicated and the need for a diagnostic biomarker or biosignature has been widely expressed. In this study, the metabolic profile of a selected group of 29 RCD patients, with a predominantly muscle disease phenotype, and 22 controls were investigated using targeted and untargeted analyses of three(More)
OBJECTIVE To delineate the clinical phenotype, molecular basis, and implications for screening in patients and families with multiple schwannomas not generally involving the cranium. METHODS As part of a United Kingdom clinical and genetic study of type 2 neurofibromatosis (NF2) patients and families with multiple schwannomas who do not fulfil diagnostic(More)
Tuberculosis meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis and is particularly intense in small children; there is no universally accepted algorithm for the diagnosis and substantiation of TB infection, which can lead to delayed intervention, a high risk factor for morbidity and mortality. In this study a proton magnetic resonance(More)
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a severe manifestation of tuberculosis, presenting with high morbidity and mortality in children. Existing diagnostic methods for TBM are invasive and time-consuming and the need for highly sensitive and selective diagnosis remains high on the TBM agenda. Our aim was to exploit metabolomics as an approach to identify(More)
BACKGROUND The defining feature of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected from infants and children with tuberculous meningitis (TBM), derived from an earlier untargeted nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics study, was highly elevated lactic acid. Undetermined was the contribution from host response (L-lactic acid) or of microbial origin (D-lactic(More)
Understanding brain energy metabolism-neuroenergetics-is becoming increasingly important as it can be identified repeatedly as the source of neurological perturbations. Within the scientific community we are seeing a shift in paradigms from the traditional neurocentric view to that of a more dynamic, integrated one where astrocytes are no longer considered(More)
Benzoic acid is widely used as a preservative in food products and is detoxified in humans through glycine conjugation. Different viewpoints prevail on the physiological significance of the glycine conjugation reaction and concerns have been raised on potential public health consequences following uncontrolled benzoic acid ingestion. We performed a(More)
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected pregnant women is highly effective in preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of the virus, but deleterious metabolic and mitochondrial observations in infants born to HIV-infected women treated with ART during pregnancy are periodically reported. This study addresses the concern of HIV-ART-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that specific mutations in the β-glucocerebrosidase gene (GBA) causing neuropathic Gaucher's disease (GD) in homozygotes lead to aggressive cognitive decline in heterozygous Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, whereas non-neuropathic GD mutations confer intermediate progression rates. METHODS A total of 2,304 patients with PD and(More)
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