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Understanding brain energy metabolism-neuroenergetics-is becoming increasingly important as it can be identified repeatedly as the source of neurological perturbations. Within the scientific community we are seeing a shift in paradigms from the traditional neurocentric view to that of a more dynamic, integrated one where astrocytes are no longer considered(More)
Tuberculosis meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis and is particularly intense in small children; there is no universally accepted algorithm for the diagnosis and substantiation of TB infection, which can lead to delayed intervention, a high risk factor for morbidity and mortality. In this study a proton magnetic resonance(More)
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a severe manifestation of tuberculosis, presenting with high morbidity and mortality in children. Existing diagnostic methods for TBM are invasive and time-consuming and the need for highly sensitive and selective diagnosis remains high on the TBM agenda. Our aim was to exploit metabolomics as an approach to identify(More)
The diagnosis of respiratory chain deficiencies (RCDs) is complicated and the need for a diagnostic biomarker or biosignature has been widely expressed. In this study, the metabolic profile of a selected group of 29 RCD patients, with a predominantly muscle disease phenotype, and 22 controls were investigated using targeted and untargeted analyses of three(More)
BACKGROUND The defining feature of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected from infants and children with tuberculous meningitis (TBM), derived from an earlier untargeted nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics study, was highly elevated lactic acid. Undetermined was the contribution from host response (L-lactic acid) or of microbial origin (D-lactic(More)
Benzoic acid is widely used as a preservative in food products and is detoxified in humans through glycine conjugation. Different viewpoints prevail on the physiological significance of the glycine conjugation reaction and concerns have been raised on potential public health consequences following uncontrolled benzoic acid ingestion. We performed a(More)
BACKGROUND Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic pain syndrome. A plausible pathogenesis of the disease is uncertain and the pursuit of measurable biomarkers for objective identification of affected individuals is a continuing endeavour in FMS research. Our objective was to perform an explorative metabolomics study (1) to elucidate the global urinary(More)
Exploratory metabolomics studies of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, hold major potential application in neurodiagnostics. Such studies, however, rely upon established databases of known metabolites. Here we address the 'unknowns' in the 1H NMR spectra of CSF from treated pediatric meningitis cases.(More)
It is well known that scorpions are highly adapted to thermal temperatures. However, little is known of the metabolic and respiration adaptations caused by temperature fluctuations in these animals. Therefore we used the African burrowing scorpion Opistophthalmus latimanus to measure the effect of temperature on its metabolism and respiration. Radioactive(More)
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-infected pregnant women is highly effective in preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of the virus, but deleterious metabolic and mitochondrial observations in infants born to HIV-infected women treated with ART during pregnancy are periodically reported. This study addresses the concern of HIV-ART-induced(More)
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