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BACKGROUND Dynorphin, an endogenous ligand at kappa opioid receptors (KORs), produces depressive-like effects and contributes to addictive behavior in male nonhuman primates and rodents. Although comorbidity of depression and addiction is greater in women than men, the role of KORs in female motivated behavior is unknown. METHODS In adult Sprague-Dawley(More)
UNLABELLED Dependence is a hallmark feature of opiate addiction and is defined by the emergence of somatic and affective withdrawal signs. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) integrates dopaminergic and glutamatergic inputs to mediate rewarding and aversive properties of opiates. Evidence suggests that AMPA glutamate-receptor-dependent synaptic plasticity within(More)
A series of levo- and dextromorphinan pairs have been synthesized and evaluated for their affinities to the mu, kappa, and delta opioid receptors, the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) channel, and sigma 1 and 2 receptors. It was found that levo isomers tended to have higher affinities at the opioid receptors and moderate to high affinities to the NMDA and sigma(More)
Previous studies with aminothiazolomorphinans suggested that this class of opioid ligands may be useful as a potential pharmacotherapeutic to decrease drug abuse. Novel aminothiazole derivatives of cyclorphan were prepared to evaluate a series of aminothiazolomorphinans with varying pharmacological properties at the κ opioid receptor (KOR) and μ opioid(More)
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