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BACKGROUND When bile duct stones cannot be removed after sphincterotomy by balloon or basket extraction, stent placement can serve as a bridge to additional procedures. Biliary stents may also fragment large stones, allowing them to pass spontaneously or making them easier to extract at a later time. METHODS Twenty patients with difficult to extract bile(More)
Tuberculosis is a major public health problem in India and other developing countries and has formed a lethal partnership with AIDS. It often presents a diagnostic challenge especially when clinical presentation is suggestive but bacteriological proof is lacking. The objective of this study was to compare the various diagnostic techniques in clinically(More)
Ameloblastic fibroma of the jaw is a rare, benign mixed odontogenic tumor, having little tendency for local invasion and a low recurrence rate. Cytologic distinction from ameloblastoma, ameloblastic fibrosarcoma, and intraosseous adenoid cystic carcinoma is necessary, in view of the different biologic behavior. A painful, slow-growing swelling of the jaw in(More)
BACKGROUND A number of reports have suggested that there are substantial racial differences in the frequency of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and its complications, but few studies have compared directly the frequency of this disorder amongst different racial groups. AIM To explore the racial differences in the frequency of gastro-oesophageal reflux(More)
Sixty symptomatic confirmed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adult patients, of both sexes, suspected of having a fungal infection were taken as a study population, and the clinicomycological profile was correlated with the immunological status of the patients with particular reference to CD4 counts. Relevant samples were collected and subjected(More)
Fine needle aspiration (FNA) plays a significant role in the diagnosis of thyroid lesions due to its simplicity and low cost. Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is the second most common thyroid lesion next to endemic goitre diagnosed on FNA in iodine (I2) deficient areas. Data on its incidence, prevalence and clinicopathological features in I2 deficient areas is(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple Myeloma presenting as a pleural effusion is extremely rare. It is usually a late complication and is associated with a poor prognosis. CASE PRESENTATION A 40-year-old male presented with dyspnea and fever of six months duration. Clinical diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was considered. X-ray chest showed bilateral pleural effusion.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of morphologic variants of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid (PCT) and to determine the reasons for misdiagnosis in discrepant cases on cytology. STUDY DESIGN Fine needle aspiration smears from 158 histologically proven cases of PCT were blindly reviewed and an(More)
Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML) is a benign proliferating histiocytic disorder, predominantly of lymph nodes with extra-nodal involvement in some cases. It is a self-limiting disease and has a good prognosis; however some patients need steroid therapy. Therein lays a need to differentiate it from other lympho proliferative disorders(More)
Three cases of melanoma of the soft parts diagnosed by aspiration cytology and immunochemistry are described. Unusual clinicoradiological features, variable cytomorphology, absence of melanin, and lack of awareness due to rarity of the lesion caused diagnostic dilemma. Morphological similarity to alveolar soft part sarcoma, synovial and epithelioid sarcoma,(More)