Shay McGuiness

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OBJECTIVE To examine associations between mean daily fluid balance during intensive care unit study enrollment and clinical outcomes in patients enrolled in the Randomized Evaluation of Normal vs. Augmented Level (RENAL) replacement therapy study. DESIGN Statistical analysis of data from multicenter, randomized, controlled trials. SETTING Thirty-five(More)
OBJECTIVE In countries where parasitic infections are endemic, autoimmune disease is relatively rare, leading to the hypothesis that parasite-derived immunomodulators may protect against its development. Consistent with this, we have previously demonstrated that ES-62, a 62 kDa phosphorylcholine (PC)-containing glycoprotein that is secreted by filarial(More)
Modulation of macrophage/dendritic cell (DC) cytokine production by the filarial nematode phosphorylcholine (PC)-containing product, ES-62, is mediated by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 and signal transduction depends on the TLR adaptor MyD88. Intriguingly, comparison of TLR4 knock-out (ko) mice with TLR4 mutant C3H/HeJ mice indicates that ES-62 cytokine(More)
During the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, large numbers of patients had severe respiratory failure. High frequency oscillation ventilation was used as a salvage technique for profound hypoxaemia. Our aim was to compare this experience with high frequency oscillation ventilation during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic with the same period in 2008 by performing a three-month(More)
AIMS To study the association between higher versus lower continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) intensity and mortality in critically ill patients with combined acute kidney injury and liver dysfunction. METHODS Post-hoc analysis of patients with liver dysfunction (Sequential Organ Failure Assessment liver score ≥2 or diagnosis of liver(More)
IMPORTANCE Effective therapy has not been established for patients with agitated delirium receiving mechanical ventilation. OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of dexmedetomidine when added to standard care in patients with agitated delirium receiving mechanical ventilation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS The Dexmedetomidine to Lessen ICU(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if a restrictive transfusion threshold is noninferior to a higher threshold as measured by a composite outcome of mortality and serious morbidity. DESIGN Transfusion Requirements in Cardiac Surgery (TRICS) III was a multicenter, international, open-label randomized controlled trial of two commonly used transfusion strategies in(More)
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