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OBJECTIVE To compare multiple measures of psychological distress between men and women preparing for IVF. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Outpatient, academic infertility clinic. PATIENT(S) One hundred sixty-two consecutive couples presenting for infertility treatment with IVF. INTERVENTION(S) Measures were completed as part of a routine,(More)
The present study examined the role of personality as a predictor of mortality among patients with chronic renal insufficiency. A prospective evaluation of the influence of personality on patient survival was conducted over an average 49-month period. Cox regression was used to evaluate the effects of 5 dimensions of personality in a sample of 174 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Patients at higher than average risk of heritable cancer may process risk information differently than the general population. However, little is known about clinical, demographic, or psychosocial predictors that may impact risk perception in these groups. The objective of this study was to characterize factors associated with perceived risk of(More)
The German Neonatal Network (GNN) is a prospective cohort study with the focus on long term development of very-low-birth-weight infants. It was the aim of this study to determine detailed information on causes of mortality in the GNN birth cohort 2010.Major contributors to hospital mortality were recorded by the attending neonatologists for the cohort of(More)
OBJECTIVE Brief preoperative abstinence from cigarette smoking reduces risk for perioperative complications in surgical patients. This study tested the hypothesis that the efficacy of brief advice recommending abstinence the morning of surgery would be increased if patients were informed that exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) levels would be monitored to assess(More)
Compared to alcohol use, and despite its potential health implications, tobacco use among candidates and recipients of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has not been the focus of much attention. The purpose of the present study is to examine lifetime pre- and post-OLT prevalence rates of tobacco use, relapse rates after OLT, and comorbid use of alcohol(More)
A paucity of research exists examining the potential impact of tobacco use on cancer treatment outcomes, especially among patients treated with hematopoietic SCT (HSCT). A retrospective cohort study design was used to examine the impact of smoking on duration of hospitalization and overall survival among 148 consecutive patients undergoing HSCT for(More)
Tobacco use is a risk factor for adverse outcomes among hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) patients. Accurate identification of tobacco use offers a vital opportunity to treat this risk factor. The current study compared self-reported tobacco use status with serum cotinine levels among HSCT patients at the time of pre-transplant evaluation. A total of 444(More)
Research examining the role of social support in patient adjustment to chronic illness has been inconsistent suggesting that patient individual differences play a moderating role. This study examined the hypothesis that the relationship between social support and depressive symptoms would differ as a function of individual differences in trait(More)
Patients who continue to use tobacco or alcohol following treatment for head and neck cancers are at greater risk for cancer recurrence and mortality. The present study examined the effects of behavioral self-blame and perceived control over health on smoking and alcohol use in a sample of 55 patients with cancers of the head and neck. Measures of(More)