Shawn P. O'Brien

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rho-like GTP binding proteins play an essential role in regulating cell growth and actin polymerization. These molecular switches are positively regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) that promote the exchange of GDP for GTP. Using the interaction-trap assay to identify candidate proteins that bind the cytoplasmic region of the LAR(More)
Dbl-homology guanine nucleotide exchange factors (DH-GEFs) regulate actin cytoskeletal reorganization, cell adhesion, and gene transcription via activation of Rho GTPases. However, little is known about the physiological role of mammalian DH-GEFs during development. The DH-GEF family member Trio is of particular interest because it is a multifunctional(More)
Cytotoxic lymphocytes are characterized by their inclusion of cytoplasmic granules that fuse with the plasma membrane following target cell recognition. We previously identified a cytotoxic granule membrane protein designated p15-TIA-1 that is immunochemically related to an RNA-recognition motif (RRM)-type RNA-binding protein designated p40-TIA-1. Although(More)
Reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton is essential to numerous cellular processes including cell locomotion and cytokinesis. This actin remodeling is regulated in part by Rho family GTPases. Previous studies implicated Trio, a Dbl-homology guanine nucleotide exchange factor with two exchange factor domains, in regulating actin cytoskeleton(More)
Rho family GTPases regulate diverse cellular processes, including extracellular signal-mediated actin cytoskeleton reorganization and cell growth. The functions of GTPases are positively regulated by guanine nucleotide exchange factors, which promote the exchange of GDP for GTP. Trio is a complex protein possessing two guanine nucleotide exchange factor(More)
TIA-1 and TIAR are RNA binding proteins of the RNA recognition motif (RRM)/ribonucleoprotein (RNP) family that have been implicated as effectors of apoptotic cell death. We report the structures of murine TIA-1 and TIAR (mTIA-1 and mTIAR) deduced from cDNA cloning, the mRNA and protein tissue distribution of mTIA-1 and mTIAR, and the exon-intron structures(More)
Using R. C. Ziller's (1990) method of autophotography, the authors studied the duality of relatedness and individuality. A total of 226 young adults used photos (and words) to portray "who they are". Photo essays were scored for objective codes (e.g., people touching) and subjectively rated for individuality (richness of self-depiction). As predicted,(More)
Trio is a complex protein containing two guanine nucleotide exchange factor domains each with associated pleckstrin homology domains, a serine/threonine kinase domain, two SH3 domains, an immunoglobulin-like domain, and spectrin-like repeats. Trio was originally identified as a LAR tyrosine phosphatase-binding protein and is involved in actin remodeling,(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the expression pattern of clusterin in adult human normal and osteoarthritic cartilage. METHODS Clusterin mRNA expression in adult human normal and osteoarthritic cartilage was investigated by analysis of cDNA libraries, TaqMan quantitative RT-PCR, microarray and in situ hybridization. RESULTS Sequence analysis of ESTs from(More)