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1. Changes in the magnitude of the slow inward current in the frog atrium were monitored at different stimulation frequencies, using a double sucrose-gap technique. 2. After short rest periods (1.5-3.0 min), repetitive clamp depolarizations applied at frequencies ranging from 0.33 to 1 Hz (20-60/min) resulted in a progressive increase in the slow inward(More)
1. A quantitative analysis of the time-dependent component of outward membrane current in atrial wall trabeculae from Rana catesbeiana and Rana ridibunda has been carried out using a double sucrose gap technique. 2. Separation of the different components of delayed outward current was hampered by the sigmoid onset of one of the outward current systems(More)
1. A method is described for determining the space constant gamma of heart muscle strips using a sucrose gap technique. 2. The average value of gamma for frog atrial trabeculae was found to be nearly 700 mum. This value is nearly twice the length of the test gap (400 mum). Near the resting potential, the voltage non-uniformity should be about 10%. This was(More)
Pacemaker activity in atrial muscle and in Purkinje fibres is generated by a time-dependent decay of potassium current that allows the membrane to be depolarized to the threshold for action potential initiation. The kinetics of the pacemaker potassium currents in these two parts of the heart are sufficiently different to indicate that they correspond to(More)
1. Slow inward tail currents attributable to electrogenic sodium-calcium exchange can be recorded by imposing hyperpolarizing voltage clamp pulses during the normal action potential of isolated guinea-pig ventricular cells. The hyperpolarizations return the membrane to the resting potential (between -65 and -88 m V) allowing an inward current to be(More)
1. A double sucrose-gap voltage-clamp technique has been used to study the effects of acetylcholine on the membrane currents in atrial trabeculae of the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana. 2. The second, or slow inward (Ca2+/Na+) current, was found to be markedly reduced by concentrations of acetylcholine greater than approximately 2-0 X 10(-8)M. The resulting(More)
1. The spontaneous electrical activity of small strips of muscle from the sinus venosus region of the heart of Rana catesbeiana was investigated using the double sucrose gap technique. The voltage clamp was used to record the ionic currents underlying the pace-maker depolarization and the action potential.2. The records of spontaneous electrical activity(More)
DiFrancesco & Noble's (1984) equations (Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B (in the press.] have been modified to apply to the mammalian sino-atrial node. The modifications are based on recent experimental work. The modified equations successfully reproduce action potential and pacemaker activity in the node. Slightly different versions have been developed for(More)
1. Slow inward currents, isi, were measured using a double sucrose-gap voltage-clamp technique during experiments involving different depolarization protocols. 2. Following short rest periods, repetitive stimulation gave rise to slow inward currents which changed progressively in a voltage-dependent manner. Small voltage depolarizations gave rise to initial(More)