Shawn M. Egan

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The RhaS and RhaR regulatory proteins are encoded in the Escherichia coli L-rhamnose gene cluster. We used complementation analysis and DNA mobility shift assays to show that RhaR is not the direct activator of the L-rhamnose catabolic operon, rhaBAD. An in-frame deletion of rhaS (rhaS-rhaR+) eliminated expression from the rhaBAD promoter, pBAD, while(More)
The sequencing of the EcoRI-HindIII fragment complementing mutations in the structural genes of the L-rhamnose regulon of Escherichia coli has permitted identification of the open reading frames corresponding to rhaB, rhaA, and rhaD. The deduced amino acid sequences gave a 425-amino-acid polypeptide corresponding to rhamnulose kinase for rhaB, a(More)
RhaS activates transcription of the Escherichia coli rhaBAD and rhaT operons in response to L-rhamnose and is a member of the AraC/XylS family of transcription activators. We wished to determine whether sigma(70) might be an activation target for RhaS. We found that sigma(70) K593 and R599 appear to be important for RhaS activation at both rhaBAD and rhaT,(More)
The narL gene product, NarL, is the nitrate-responsive regulator of anaerobic respiratory gene expression. We used genetic analysis of narL mutants to better understand the mechanism of NarL-mediated gene regulation. We selected and analyzed seven nitrate-independent narL mutants. Each of three independent, strongly constitutive mutants had changes of(More)
The Escherichia coli rhaBAD operon encodes the enzymes for catabolism of the sugar L-rhamnose. Full rhaBAD activation requires the AraC family activator RhaS (bound to a site that overlaps the -35 region of the promoter) and the cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP; bound immediately upstream of RhaS at -92.5). We tested alanine substitutions in activating(More)
The Escherichia coli rhaSR operon encodes two AraC family transcription activators, RhaS and RhaR, and is activated by RhaR in the presence of L-rhamnose. beta-Galactosidase assays of various rhaS-lacZ promoter fusions combined with mobility shift assays indicated that a cyclic AMP receptor protein (CRP) site located at -111.5 is also required for full(More)
Previous work has indicated that the RhaS protein directly activates the L-rhamnose catabolic operon, rhaBAD, and that the likely RhaS binding site lies downstream of position -84 relative to the rhaBAD transcription start point. Biochemical analysis of RhaS binding to this DNA site had not been possible due to the extreme insolubility of overproduced RhaS(More)
RhaS, an AraC family protein, activates rhaBAD transcription by binding to rhaI, a site consisting of two 17-bp inverted repeat half-sites. In this work, amino acids in RhaS that make base-specific contacts with rhaI were identified. Sequence similarity with AraC suggested that the first contacting motif of RhaS was a helix-turn-helix. Assays of rhaB-lacZ(More)
During anaerobic growth, nitrate induces synthesis of the anaerobic respiratory enzymes formate dehydrogenase-N and nitrate reductase. This induction is mediated by a transcription activator, the narL gene product. The narX gene product may be involved in sensing nitrate and phosphorylating NARL. We isolated narX mutants, designated narX*, that caused(More)
Previous studies have shown that narL+ is required for nitrate regulation of anaerobic respiratory enzyme synthesis, including formate dehydrogenase-N, nitrate reductase, and fumarate reductase. Insertions in the closely linked narX gene decrease, but do not abolish, nitrate regulation of anaerobic enzyme synthesis. Analysis of sequence similarities(More)