Shawn M. Christensen

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The murine Cr2 gene encodes at least two related proteins. The first of these is predicted to include 1408 amino acids from a transcript including 4224 coding nucleotides. This protein is predicted to contain 21 60-amino acid repeats plus those residues encoding transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions for a total peptide m.w. of 155,307. The first six of(More)
R2 elements are non-long terminal repeat retrotransposons that specifically insert into 28S rRNA genes of many animal groups. These elements encode a single protein with reverse transcriptase and endonuclease activities as well as specific DNA and RNA binding properties. In this report, gel shift experiments were conducted to investigate the stoichiometry(More)
Non-LTR retrotransposons insert into eukaryotic genomes by target-primed reverse transcription (TPRT), a process in which cleaved DNA targets are used to prime reverse transcription of the element's RNA transcript. Many of the steps in the integration pathway of these elements can be characterized in vitro for the R2 element because of the rigid sequence(More)
The analyses of gene duplications by retroposition have revealed an excess of male-biased duplicates generated from X chromosome to autosomes in flies and mammals. Investigating these genes is of primary importance in understanding sexual dimorphism and genome evolution. In a particular instance in Drosophila, X-linked nuclear transport genes (Ntf-2 and(More)
The Tx1L elements constitute a family of site-specific non-LTR retrotransposons found in the genome of the frog Xenopus laevis . The elements have two open reading frames (ORFs) with homology to proteins of retroviruses and other retroelements. This study demonstrates an expected activity of one of the element-encoded proteins. The RNA binding properties of(More)
R2 is a site-specific non-long terminal repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposon encoding a single polypeptide with reverse transcriptase, DNA endonuclease and nucleic acid-binding domains. The current model of R2 retrotransposition involves an ordered series of cleavage and polymerization steps carried out by at least two R2 protein subunits, one bound upstream(More)
Sequences from the 5' region of R2 retrotransposons of four species of silk moth are reported. In Bombyx mori, this region of the R2 messenger RNA contains a binding site for R2 protein and mediates interactions critical to R2 element insertion into the host genome. A model of secondary structure for a segment of this RNA is proposed on the basis of binding(More)
LNA (locked nucleic acids, i.e. oligonucleotides with a methyl bridge between the 2' oxygen and 4' carbon of ribose) and 2,6-diaminopurine were incorporated into 2'-O-methyl RNA pentamer and hexamer probes to make a microarray that binds unpaired RNA approximately isoenergetically. That is, binding is roughly independent of target sequence if target is(More)
The murine Cr2 gene produces two distinct products in a variety of murine cell types. Both of these transcripts appear to initiate from the same position within the gene but vary from one another via an alternative splicing event within the coding exons. An analysis of those gene sequences that might control the cell specific expression of the Cr2 gene has(More)
Elements of the Tx1L family are non-long terminal repeat retrotransposons (NLRs) that are dispersed in the genome of Xenopus laevis. Essentially all genomic copies of Tx1L are found inserted at a specific site within another family of transposable elements (Tx1D). This suggests that Tx1L is a site-specific retrotransposon. Like many (but not all) other(More)