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The constant false alarm rate (CFAR) matched subspace detector (CFAR MSD) is the uniformly most-powerful-invariant test and the generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) for detecting a target signal in noise whose covariance structure is known but whose level is unknown. Recently, the CFAR adaptive subspace detector (CFAR ASD), or adaptive coherence(More)
We show that the Adaptive Coherence Estimator (ACE) is a uniformly most powerful (UMP) invariant detection statistic. This statistic is relevant to a scenario appearing in adaptive array processing, in which there are auxiliary, signal-free, training-data vectors that can be used to form a sample covariance estimate for clutter and interference suppression.(More)
We consider the detection of an unknown and arbitrary rank-one signal in a spatial sector scanned by a small number m of beams. We address the problem of finding the maximal invariant for the problem at hand and show that it consists of the ratio of the eigenvalues of a Wishart matrix to its trace. Next, we derive the generalized-likelihood ratio test(More)
This paper deals with the problem of detecting a signal, known only to lie on a line in a subspace, in the presence of unknown noise, using multiple snapshots in the primary data. To account for uncertainties about a signal's signature, we assume that the steering vector belongs to a known linear subspace. Furthermore, we consider the partially homogeneous(More)
Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) extensions to radar systems enable a number of advantages compared to traditional approaches. These advantages include improved angle estimation and target detection. In this paper, MIMO ground moving target indication (GMTI) radar is addressed. The concept of coherent MIMO radar is introduced. Comparisons are presented(More)
In this paper, we consider the problem of obtaining a reduced-dimension parameterization of a propagation medium for the purpose of estimating the medium from transmission data. The application addressed is microwave remote sensing of tropospheric index-of-refraction profiles over the sea surface, using radar clutter returns. The proposed parameterization(More)
[1] Estimation of the rangeand height-dependent index of refraction over the sea surface facilitates prediction of ducted microwave propagation loss. In this paper, refractivity estimation from radar clutter returns is performed using a Markov state space model for microwave propagation. Specifically, the parabolic approximation for numerical solution of(More)
In previous work, a matched-field estimate of aircraft altitude from multiple over-the-horizon radar dwells was presented. This approach exploits the altitude dependence of direct and surface reflected returns off the aircraft and the relative phase changes of these micro-multipath arrivals across radar dwells. Since this previous approach assumed high(More)