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Stress proteins are frequently the target of humoral and cell-mediated immune responses to infection. These proteins belong to highly conserved gene families and there is substantial sequence homology between antigens produced by pathogenic organisms and the corresponding proteins from mammalian cells. Human T cells from sites of infectious and autoimmune(More)
The gene encoding the stress-inducible member of human heat shock protein hsp70, was expressed in E. coli using the bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase-based gene expression system. Recombinant hsp70 (R-hsp70) was purified from inclusion bodies after solubilization and refolding, using a combination of ATP-agarose affinity chromatography and ion-exchange(More)
The atherosclerotic lesion may be characterized as a chronic inflammatory process, and oxidized LDL is believed to be a key event in the development of atherosclerosis, though the mechanisms by which oxidized LDL exerts its proatherogenic properties are largely unknown. Heat shock proteins (hsp) are a group of proteins with a highly conserved structure and(More)
Structural homology between microbial and human stress proteins has been postulated to be a basis for autoimmunization in chronic inflammatory diseases. Therefore, we estimated by ELISA titration the antibody levels to mycobacterial (M) and human (H) recombinant hsp70 and M-hsp65 heat-shock proteins in sera of patients with Crohn's disease (n = 29),(More)
Bacterial hsp60 proteins are major targets of immune responses during infection, and the highly conserved nature of bacterial and mammalian hsp60 has led to speculation that immune reactivity to these stress proteins may be a component of certain autoimmune diseases. We have developed recombinant proteins and monoclonal antibodies to facilitate further(More)
The heat-shock protein, HSP60, is abundant in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and is required in the assembly of specific proteins. We have cloned the Saccharomyces cerevisiae HSP60 gene from a lambda gt11 genomic library using monoclonal antibodies, have obtained its sequence, determined its transcription start point, and shown that it exists as a single copy.(More)
Monocytic cell lines (HL-60 and THP-1) were infected with viable Mycobacterium leprae. Levels of human hsp60 were estimated by Western blot (immunoblot) assay and a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results showed that infection of both of the cell lines induced the synthesis of human hsp60, which may be of significance in relation to(More)
We studied the impact of vaccinia virus infection on stress protein gene expression in human cells and investigated the possibility that eukaryotic heat shock proteins interact with viral components during assembly. Infection of human monocyte-macrophages by vaccinia virus caused a dramatic decrease in levels of cellular mRNAs such as those encoding actin(More)
Both bacterial and mammalian heat shock proteins (HSP) are recognized by some T cells, and hsp60 recognition has been implicated in rheumatoid arthritis. We have developed a model to study the induction of hsp60 in human monocytic cell lines. An anti-mycobacterial hsp65 mAb (ML30), cross-reacting with human hsp60 was used to screen 21 human tumor cell lines(More)