Learn More
A series of twelve cases, all of whom had received surgery for the removal of a colloid cyst in the third ventricle, was examined on a series of memory tests. The only consistent predictor of poor memory performance that could be detected from MRIs was the presence of bilateral interruption of the fornix, which occurred in three of the subjects. Although(More)
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour (DNT) is a newly recognized brain mass lesion with distinctive pathological features and a favourable prognosis. We reviewed the clinical, electroencephalographic, neuroimaging and pathological features of 16 patients with DNT who underwent surgery; only one patient did not have epilepsy. Mean age at seizure onset was(More)
Long repetition time (TR) spin-echo (SE) with T2- or proton density weighting is the sequence of choice to detect the brain lesions of multiple sclerosis (MS). Fast spin-echo (FSE) permits the generation of T2-weighted images with similar contrast to SE but in a fraction of the time. We compared the sensitivity of FSE and SE in the detection of the brain(More)
Approximately 1% of meningiomas arise in extradural sites. Intradiploic meningiomas form only a very small proportion of this number. They tend to occur in young patients. The CT and MRI appearances, although unusual, may be characteristic of the condition. We present two cases and describe the CT and MR appearance; the latter has not previously been(More)
A 49-year old woman with progressive cranial nerve signs and hemiparesis was found at MR imaging and at surgery to have a cyst at the foramen magnum. Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy showed an epithelial cyst of endodermal origin. MR findings were of an extraaxial mass, with short T1 and T2 times. Unless immunohistochemistry and electron(More)
The clinical and MRI findings in two cases of rhombencephalosynapsis (RS) and two of tectocerebellar dysraphia (TCD) with an associated occipital encephalocele were studied to elucidate the clinical picture and embryogenesis of these rare anomalies. To our knowledge, only one case of TCD [1] and four of RS [2, 3] examined by MRI during life have been(More)
MRI is limited by movement artefact, even with current imagers, when examining a restless or claustrophobic patient. We prospectively analysed the images of 92 patients produced by a single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE) pulse sequence and compared them with conventional (FSE) and reduced-time fast spin-echo (RT-FSE) techniques, with regard to lesion detection(More)
One hundred and two consecutive patients with cerebral haematoma were prospectively allocated to one of two groups according to their CT on admission. Group 1 patients were thought to have a high probability of an underlying structural lesion and underwent cerebral angiography acutely. If normal, this was repeated at three months. Group 2 patients were(More)
Idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome encompasses a group of inflammatory conditions for which no systemic or local cause can be found, and is commonly referred to as orbital pseudotumour. On conventional MRI sequences subtle areas of inflammation or enhancing tissue can easily be masked by the high signal intensity of orbital fat and involvement of the(More)
Menkes disease is a rare X-linked recessive disease of copper metabolism. Clinical manifestations begin in the first few months of life or even in the neonatal period. Hypothermia, hypotonia, poor weight gain, seizures and neurodevelopmental delay or regression are seen. Outcome is poor, with death occurring usually by 3 years of age. A characteristic(More)