Shawn Edwin Cowper

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Since the original description of circulating fibrocytes in 1994, our knowledge of this unique cell population has grown steadily. While initially described in the context of wound repair, fibrocytes have since been found to participate in granuloma formation, antigen presentation, and various fibrosing disorders. Fibrocytes produce matrix proteins such as(More)
This report details the histopathologic findings in a unique fibrosing disorder that recently emerged among patients with renal disease. The affected patients were initially identified among recipients of renal transplants at a single institution, but later cases at other centers were identified, and included patients receiving renal dialysis for a variety(More)
15 renal dialysis patients have been identified with a skin condition characterised by thickening and hardening of the skin of the extremities and an increase in dermal fibroblast-like cells associated with collagen remodelling and mucin deposition. The disease closely resembles scleromyxoedema, yet has significant enough clinical and histopathological(More)
BACKGROUND Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a disease of unknown etiology that affects a subset of patients with renal insufficiency. Recent publications suggested an association between exposure to gadolinium-containing contrast agents and subsequent development of NSF. We sought to detect gadolinium within the skin and soft tissue of patients with(More)
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a devastating complication of severe renal failure. Recent reports suggest that exposure to gadolinium-containing contrast agents (GCCA) is associated with the occurrence of NSF. The population of patients with ESRD in and around Bridgeport, CT, was studied during an 18-mo period. The incidence of NSF was 4.3 cases per(More)
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a relative newcomer to the world of medicine. NSF was introduced just over 10 years ago as nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, but with further investigation, its systemic nature was determined. The strict adherence to a definition requiring both clinical and pathological concordance has allowed for careful separation of(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (NFD) is a newly recognized scleroderma-like fibrosing skin condition. It develops in patients with renal insufficiency. This review summarizes recent case reports and examines theories of disease pathogenesis. Information from the Yale University NFD Registry Project, as well as published case reports, is(More)
Fibrocytes are cells that circulate in the peripheral blood and produce connective tissue proteins such as vimentin and collagens I and III. Fibrocytes are associated with skin lesions, pulmonary fibrosis, and tumors and they contribute to the remodeling response by secreting matrix metalloproteinases. Fibrocytes can further differentiate, and they are a(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, also known as nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy, was first documented in 1997 as a scleroderma-like fibrosing entity of the skin in association with renal insufficiency. Rheumatologists, along with other specialists, may be the first to encounter these patients; and both a familiarity with the disorder and(More)