Shawn D. Harmon

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The objective of this study was to determine the effect of 2,2-diphenyl-5-(4-[[(1 E)-pyridin-3-yl-methylidene]amino]piperazin-1-yl)pentanenitrile (SC-26196), a delta6-desaturase inhibitor, on PUFA metabolism in human cells. SC-26196 inhibited the desaturation of 2 microM [1-14C] 18:2n-6 by 87-95% in cultured human skin fibroblasts, coronary artery smooth(More)
DHA, the main n-3 PUFA in the brain, is synthesized from n-3 PUFA precursors by astrocytes. To assess the potential of this process to supply DHA for the brain, we investigated whether the synthesis in astrocytes is dependent on DHA availability. Rat brain astrocytes differentiated with dibutyryl cAMP and incubated in media containing 10% fetal bovine serum(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are products of cytochrome P-450 epoxygenase that possess important vasodilating and anti-inflammatory properties. EETs are converted to the corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (DHET) by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) in mammalian tissues, and inhibition of sEH has been proposed as a novel approach for the treatment(More)
Human skin fibroblasts can convert arachidonic acid to 14- and 16-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acid products by peroxisomal beta-oxidation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether similar products are formed from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and whether EPA and arachidonic acid compete for utilization by this oxidative pathway. Three radiolabeled(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), lipid mediators synthesized from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P-450 epoxygenases, are converted by soluble epoxide hydrolase (SEH) to the corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs). Originally considered as inactive degradation products of EETs, DHETs have biological activity in some systems. Here we examined the(More)
20-Carboxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-COOH-AA) is a bioactive metabolite of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), an eicosanoid that produces vasoconstriction in the cerebral circulation. We found that smooth muscle (MSMC) and endothelial (MEC) cultures obtained from mouse brain microvessels convert [3H]20-HETE to 20-COOH-AA, indicating that the cerebral(More)
We have investigated the role of endothelial cells in the metabolism of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a vasoactive mediator synthesized from arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 omega-oxidases. Porcine coronary artery endothelial cells (PCEC) incorporated 20-[(3)H]HETE primarily into the sn-2 position of phospholipids through a coenzyme(More)
20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), an arachidonic acid (AA) metabolite synthesized by cytochrome P-450 omega-oxidases, is reported to produce vasoconstriction in the cerebral circulation. However, we find that like 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (14,15-EET), 20-HETE produces dilation of mouse basilar artery preconstricted with U-46619 in vitro.(More)
Astrocytes convert n-6 fatty acids primarily to arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), whereas n-3 fatty acids are converted to docosapentaenoic (22:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic (22:6n-3) acids. The utilization of 20-, 22- and 24-carbon n-3 and n-6 fatty acids was compared in differentiated rat astrocytes to determine the metabolic basis for this difference. The(More)
Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) utilization was investigated in skin fibroblasts cultured from a female patient with an inherited abnormality in lipid metabolism. These deficient human skin fibroblasts (DF) converted 85– 95% less [114 C]linoleic acid (18:2n-6) to arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), 95% less [314 C]tetracosatetraenoic acid (24:4n-6) to(More)