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It is well established that the activity of chromatin-modifying enzymes is crucial for regulating gene expression associated with hippocampal-dependent memories. However, very little is known about how these epigenetic mechanisms influence the formation of cortically dependent memory, particularly when there is competition between opposing memory traces,(More)
Responses of a holothurian smooth muscle to a range of muscarinic (M(1) to M(5)) acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) agonists and antagonists were surveyed using calcium (Ca(2+))-selective electrodes and a mechanical recording technique. Most of the mAChR agonists and antagonists tested increased both contractility and net Ca(2+) efflux, with M(1)-specific(More)
Nicotine leads to both activation and desensitization (inactivation) of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). This study tested the hypothesis that nicotine and a selective antagonist of β2*nAChRs would have similar effects on affective behavior. Adult C57BL/6J male mice were tested in a conditioned emotional response (CER) assay which evaluates the(More)
Genomic analyses of hundreds of prostate tumors have defined a diverse landscape of mutations and genome rearrangements, but the transcriptomic effect of this complexity is less well understood, particularly at the individual tumor level. We selected a cohort of 25 high-risk prostate tumors, representing the lethal phenotype, and applied deep RNA-sequencing(More)
BACKGROUND Ambient air pollution may have neurotoxic effects in children. Data examining associations between traffic-related air pollution and attention domains remain sparse. OBJECTIVES We examined associations between black carbon (BC), a marker of traffic particles, and attention measures ascertained at 7-14 years of age among 174 children in a birth(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Nicotine dose-dependently activates or preferentially desensitizes β2 subunit containing nicotinic ACh receptors (β2*nAChRs). Genetic and pharmacological manipulations assessed effects of stimulation versus inhibition of β2*nAChRs on nicotine-associated anxiety-like phenotype. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Using a range of doses of nicotine(More)
Optimal animal models of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) are necessary to overcome the current lack of novel targeted therapies for this malignancy. Here we report on the establishment and characterization of patient-derived primary xenografts (PDX). Patient tumors were grafted under the renal capsule of mice and subsequently transplanted over(More)
A key challenge in cancer genomics is the identification and prioritiza-tion of genomic aberrations that potentially act as drivers of cancer. In this paper we introduce HIT'nDRIVE, a combinatorial method to identify aberrant genes that can collectively influence possibly distant " outlier " genes based on what we call the " random-walk facility location "(More)
Mouse models of ethanol (EtOH) self-administration are useful to identify genetic and biological underpinnings of alcohol use disorder. These experiments developed a novel method of oral operant EtOH self-administration in mice without explicitly paired cues, food/water restriction, or EtOH fading. Following magazine and lever training for 0.2 % saccharin(More)