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Thermal transitions and morphological changes in Cloisite organoclays were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and in situ simultaneous small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) over the temperature range of 30-260 degrees(More)
A model system for the characterization of molecular recognition events in molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) is presented. The use of a biologically inspired, three-point hydrogen-bonding motif and a thin film polymeric matrix allows for pre- and post-polymerization binding properties to be characterized by infrared spectroscopy. A method to determine(More)
The influence of copolymer configuration on the phase behavior of various ternary polymer blends containing a crystallizable polyester, a noncrystallizable polyether, and an acrylic random copolymer of different chain configuration was investigated. In these ternary blends, the acrylic random copolymer is typically added to control rheological properties at(More)
The infrared and Raman spectrum of 1-bromo-3-fluoropropane is reported in the gas, liquid, amorphous solid and annealed polycrystalline states. Only one of the five possible conformers is stable in the crystal, designated the C conformer. The disordered phases show the presence of several other conformers of higher energy, due entirely to conformers(More)
Ab initio calculations are reported for three of four possible conformers of 1,3-dichloropropane. The fourth conformer, with Cs symmetry, has a predicted enthalpy difference of more than 1500 cm(-1) from the most stable conformer from each calculation regardless of the basis set used, so there is little chance of observing it. Thus, there is no evidence in(More)
As normally studied, in the solid state or in solution, poly(beta-benzyl-L-aspartate) (PBLA) differs from the other helical polyamino acids in that its alpha-helical conformation is most stable in the left-handed rather than in the right-handed form. The slightly lower energy per residue for the left-handed form in PBLA is easily perturbed, however. The(More)
Fast dynamics within the microwave frequency range (approximately gigahertz) in polymer systems as a function of temperature (in the range from 20 to 190 degrees C) were studied using high frequency dielectric spectroscopy. The frequency of radiation was varied from 0.5 to 18 GHz. The isochronal dielectric loss data were taken to eliminate the complexity(More)
—Degradation of lateral diffused MOS transistors in various hot-carrier stress modes is investigated. A novel three-region charge-pumping technique is proposed to characterize interface trap (N it) and bulk oxide charge Q ox creation in the channel and in the drift regions separately. The growth rates of N it and Q ox are extracted from the proposed method.(More)
The effects of hydration on two types of structural rearrangements, physical aging and crystallization, of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) have been characterized. Although the water absorbed is extremely small, on the order of 0.5% by weight, we found a significant increase in both the magnitude and kinetics of enthalpic relaxation near the glass transition(More)
The effect of the surface charge of nucleation agents on the crystallization behavior of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) has been investigated. Ion-dipole interaction between the positive surface of nucleation agents and the partially negative CF(2) dipoles of PVDF is established as a main factor for further lowering the free energy barrier for nucleation,(More)