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In vitro cultures of mouse bone marrow cells, maintained for periods up to 7 wk, were shown to contain cells able to repopulate irradiated hosts with T and B lymphocytes. The lymphocytes were fully functional and there did not appear to be any gross restriction of their receptor repertoire. The cultured cells reconstituted irradiated semiallogenic hosts(More)
The enzyme TdT is the earliest known marker of lymphocytic differentiation in rodents. Cells containing this enzyme were demonstrated in suspension cultures of mouse bone marrow cells that had been maintained in vitro for periods of 7 to 45 days. The cells were detected by immunofluorescence using purified antibodies to homogeneous TdT. Between 0.04 and(More)
Partial rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament was diagnosed in 25 dogs. In all dogs, the primary problem at the time of physical examination was hind limb lameness. The mean time from initial onset of lameness to diagnosis at exploratory surgery was 17 weeks. A cranial drawer sign was detected in 13 of the 25 dogs; in 9, the cranial drawer sign was(More)
  • S C Schrader
  • 1986
Triple osteotomy of the pelvis with transplantation of the greater trochanter was performed in 41 immature dogs (77 hips) with hip dysplasia. Before surgery, all hips were moderately to severely subluxated and unstable on palpation. The juxta-acetabular location of the ilial, ischial, and pubic osteotomies allowed repositioning of the acetabulum over the(More)
Osteosarcoma was diagnosed in 22 cats. Diagnosis was based on results of physical, radiographic, and histologic findings. Fifteen tumors arose from the appendicular skeleton, 4 from the skull, 2 from the pelvis, and 1 from a rib. Radiography revealed that in 14 of 15 cats (93%) with appendicular tumors, the lesion was metaphyseal, primarily lytic, with a(More)
Peripheral nerve injury was associated with fracture or fracture-dislocation of the pelvis in 23 dogs and 11 cats. In most cases, peripheral nerve injury resulted from ilial fracture with craniomedial displacement of bone fragments, or from sacroiliac fracture-dislocation with cranial displacement of the ilium. Sciatic nerve injury was associated with(More)
Fractures of the mandible and maxilla occur frequently in the dog and cat. Appropriate preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative management of jaw fractures is imperative for successful results. Various techniques of jaw fracture management, including tape muzzles, circumferential wiring, interarcade wiring, interosseous wiring, interdental wiring,(More)
  • Susan Unok, Marks bullet, +8 authors Levine
  • 2003
Given the increased identification of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), more educators are becoming familiar with this rather perplexing disability. If your class includes a student or students with ASD, you may need useful and practical strategies for meeting the educational needs of your students (see box, " What Does the Literature Say? ").(More)