Shaun V. Walsh

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Epithelial cells form a highly selective barrier and line many organs. The epithelial barrier is maintained by closely apposed cell-cell contacts containing tight junctions, the regulation of which is incompletely understood. Here we report the cloning, tissue localization and evidence for a role in epithelial barrier regulation of an immunoglobulin(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) consisting of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's (CD) typically displays a waxing and waning course punctuated by disease flares that are characterized by transepithelial migration of neutrophils (PMN) and altered barrier function. Since epithelial barrier function is primarily regulated by the apical most intercellular(More)
The apical-most epithelial intercellular junction, referred to as the tight junction (TJ), regulates paracellular solute flux in diverse physiological and pathological states. TJ affiliations with the apical filamentous actin (F-actin) cytoskeleton are crucial in regulating TJ function. F-actin organization is influenced by the Rho GTPase family, which also(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) arises from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as a consequence of oxidative stress. Herein we report that the development of NASH is greatly accelerated in mice lacking transcription factor Nrf2 when they are challenged with a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet. After 14 days of feeding on an MCD diet,(More)
AIM Obesity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), particularly Crohn's disease (CD), has previously been considered unusual (3%). CD patients who are obese tend to have increased perianal complications and a higher level of disease activity on an annual basis. Obesity in Scotland has been documented to have increased over the last decade, and over half all(More)
Dynamic regulation of tight junction function is fundamental to many physiologic processes. Disruption of tight junction function drastically alters paracellular permeability and is a hallmark of many pathologic states. Recently, an increasing number of cytokines have been shown to influence tight junction function both in vitro and in vivo.(More)
Crouzon syndrome and Pfeiffer syndrome are both autosomal dominant craniosynostotic disorders that can be caused by mutations in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene. To determine the parental origin of these FGFR2 mutations, the amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) was used. ARMS PCR primers were developed to recognize(More)
UNLABELLED There is increasing evidence that the physical environment is a critical mediator of tumor behavior. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) develops within an altered biomechanical environment, and increasing matrix stiffness is a strong predictor of HCC development. The aim of this study was to establish whether changes in matrix stiffness, which are(More)
Small G proteins or GTPases comprise a growing family of signal transduction molecules with inducible properties dependent upon reversible interactions with guanine nucleotides. Activation status of the proteins is characterized by preferential affinity for triphosphorylated guanine nucleotides, initiating signaling events that control fundamental processes(More)
Mutations in the coding region of the TWIST gene (encoding a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor) have been identified in some cases of Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. Haploinsufficiency appears to be the pathogenic mechanism involved. To investigate the possibility that complete deletions of the TWIST gene also contribute to this disorder, we have(More)