Shaun McNulty

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1. TRPM2 (melastatin-like transient receptor potential 2 channel) is a nonselective cation channel that is activated under conditions of oxidative stress leading to an increase in intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) and cell death. We investigated the role of the DNA repair enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) on hydrogen peroxide(More)
Eight members of the TRP-melastatin (TRPM) subfamily have been identified, whose physiological functions and distribution are poorly characterized. Although tissue expression and distribution patterns have been reported for individual TRPM channels, comparisons between individual studies are not possible because of variations in analysis techniques and(More)
We report the detailed expression profile of TRPM2 mRNA within the human central nervous system (CNS) and demonstrate increased TRPM2 mRNA expression at 1 and 4 weeks following ischemic injury in the rat transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) stroke model. Microglial cells play a key role in pathology produced following ischemic injury in the(More)
TRPM2, a member of the TRP ion channel family, is expressed both in the brain and immune cells of the monocyte lineage. Functionally, it is unique in its activation by intracellular ADP-ribose and both oxidative and nitrosative stress. To date studies of this channel have concentrated on human recombinant channels and rodent native preparations. This(More)
1 Capsaicin and resiniferatoxin (RTX) stimulate Ca2+ influx by activating vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1), a ligand-gated Ca2+ channel on sensory neurones. We investigated whether VR1 activation could also trigger Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular Ca2+ stores. 2 Human VR1-transfected HEK293 cells (hVR1-HEK293) were loaded with Fluo-3 or a mixture of Fluo-4(More)
Fusion proteins offer the prospect of new therapeutic products with multiple functions. The primary recovery is investigated of a fusion protein consisting of modified E2 protein from hepatitis C virus fused to human IgG1 Fc and expressed in a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. Fusion protein products inevitably pose increased challenge in preparation(More)
The striatum has been implicated as the site of action mediating neurotoxic effects of interleukin-1 (IL-1) during ischemia. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these events have yet to be fully addressed. In the present study, primary cultures of rat striatal cells were used as a model for the study of IL-1 signaling pathways in the striatum.(More)
Heat-shock proteins (hsp) provide a natural link between innate and adaptive immune responses by combining the ideal properties of antigen carriage (chaperoning), targeting and activation of antigen-presenting cells (APC), including dendritic cells (DC). Targeting is achieved through binding of hsp to distinct cell surface receptors and is followed by(More)
The Fluorometric Imaging Plate Reader (FLIPR®; Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, CA) has made a significant contribution to drug discovery programs in the pharmaceutical industry since the first commercial instruments were introduced 9 yr ago. The key advantage of FLIPR over conventional plate readers is its ability to measure fluorescence emission from(More)