Shaun Martin

Learn More
PURPOSE Metastatic melanoma is characterized by extremely poor survival rates and hence novel therapies are urgently required. The ability of many anticancer drugs to activate autophagy, a lysosomal-mediated catabolic process which usually promotes cell survival, suggests targeting the autophagy pathway may be a novel means to augment therapy. (More)
PURPOSE Single-agent chemotherapy is largely the treatment of choice for systemic therapy of metastatic melanoma, but survival rates are low, and novel adjuvant and systemic therapies are urgently required. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a potential therapeutic target, and two relatively new drugs, fenretinide and bortezomib (Velcade), each acting via(More)
Melanoma remains notoriously resistant to current chemotherapeutics, leaving an acute need for novel therapeutic approaches. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic and therapeutic significance of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) in melanoma through correlation of XIAP expression with disease stage, RAS/RAF mutational status,(More)
Exploiting vulnerabilities in the intracellular signaling pathways of tumor cells is a key strategy for the development of new drugs. The activation of cellular stress responses mediated by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) allows cancer cells to survive outside their normal environment. Many proteins that protect cells against ER stress are active as protein(More)
Targeting endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis may offer an alternative therapeutic strategy for metastatic melanoma. Fenretinide and bortezomib induce apoptosis of melanoma cells but their efficacy may be hindered by the unfolded protein response, which promotes survival by ameliorating endoplasmic reticulum stress. The aim of this study was to(More)
Despite the successful introduction of 13-cis retinoic acid (13cisRA) therapy for the treatment of neuroblastoma, approximately 50% patients do not respond or experience relapse. A retinoid analogue, fenretinide [N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide; 4-HPR] can induce apoptosis in neuroblastoma cell lines and could have(More)
Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is a stress sensor which interacts with unfolded protein response (UPR) activators in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that GRP78 has distinct functional roles in mediating the effects of ER stress in neuroblastoma compared to other neuroectodermal cancer types. GRP78 was(More)
Exploiting vulnerabilities in the intracellular signaling pathways of tumor cells is a key strategy for the development of new drugs. The activation of cellular stress responses mediated by the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) allows cancer cells to survive outside their normal environment. Many proteins that protect cells against ER stress are active as protein(More)
Purpose: Metastatic melanoma is characterized by extremely poor survival rates and hence novel therapies are urgently required. The ability of many anticancer drugs to activate autophagy, a lysosomalmediated catabolic process which usually promotes cell survival, suggests targeting the autophagy pathway may be a novel means to augment therapy. Experimental(More)
Martin S, Lovat PE, Redfern CPF. Cell-Type Variation in Stress Responses as a Consequence of Manipulating GRP78 Expression in Neuroectodermal Cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 2014, 116(3), 438-449. Copyright: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Martin S, Lovat PE, Redfern CPF. Cell-Type Variation in Stress Responses as a(More)
  • 1