Shaun A. Langley

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Learning, defined as changes in behavior that occur due to past experience, has been well documented for nearly 20 species of hymenopterous parasitoids. Few studies, however, have explored the influence of learning on population-level patterns of host use by parasitoids in field populations. Our study explores learning in the parasitoid Aphidius ervi(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent publications surrounding Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) broadly represent the belief among some in the academic community that non-scientists can be engaged in and benefit from spatial data analysis (Con-nors et al. a field previously reserved exclusively for academics. Focus on VGI represents a paradigm shift from viewing(More)
Michigan's Department of Community Health (MDCH) is responsible for managing hospitals through the utilization of a Certificate of Need (CON) Commission. Regulation is achieved by limiting the number of beds a hospital can use for inpatient services. MDCH assigns hospitals to service areas and sub areas by use patterns. Hospital beds are then assigned(More)
This peer-reviewed article was published immediately upon acceptance. It can be downloaded, printed and distributed freely for any purposes (see copyright notice below). Articles in Source Code for Biology and Medicine are listed in PubMed and archived at PubMed Central. which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided(More)
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