Shaul Yatziv

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Gaucher's disease (GD) is characterized by hepatosplenomegaly, bone marrow infiltration, osteonecrosis, which may all be associated with the presence of pathological macrophages that contain undegraded glycosphingolipids. Levels of serum cytokines, which are soluble products of mononuclear phagocytes (MNP), were evaluated in 24 GD patients. Levels of(More)
Attempts were made to evaluate 709 children (324 boys and 385 girls) who had been exposed long-term to different doses of radiation during and after the Chernobyl accident and had moved to Israel between 1990 and 1994. Upon arrival, all of them underwent a check-up for most common clinical disorders and were then divided into three groups according to their(More)
Human blood-derived macrophages were cultured in the presence of conduritol-B-epoxide, a specific inhibitor of beta-glucosidase, to induce changes resembling those occurring in the cells of patients with Gaucher's disease. After 24 hours of incubation, only 5% of the original beta-glucosidase activity remained; on removal of the inhibitor, the enzyme(More)
In Gaucher disease the genetic lack of acid beta-glucosidase activity causes glucocerebroside to accumulate in the lysosomes of macrophage-derived cells, producing large characteristic Gaucher cells. The formation of Gaucher cells seems to be central to the pathobiology of this lysosomal storage disease. To develop a model simulating this process, cultured(More)
The role of the glutathione (GSH) redox cycle and vitamin E as antioxidant defense systems was studied in normal human cultured skin fibroblasts infected by virulent Mycoplasma pneumoniae. In cells infected for 20 h, catalase activity was inhibited by 75% and the intracellular GSH decreased to 32% of its normal values. GSH peroxidase and oxidized(More)
This study demonstrates that viable Mycoplasma pneumoniae cells inhibit catalase activity in several types of intact human cells as well as in solution. Human erythrocyte catalase was inhibited up to 72%, and the inhibition of catalase in human cultured skin fibroblasts, lung carcinoma epithelial cells, and ciliated epithelial cells from human nasal polyps(More)