Shashi Kumar Gupta

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BACKGROUND The interrogation of proteomes ("proteomics") in a highly multiplexed and efficient manner remains a coveted and challenging goal in biology and medicine. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We present a new aptamer-based proteomic technology for biomarker discovery capable of simultaneously measuring thousands of proteins from small sample volumes(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial infarction leads to cardiac remodeling and development of heart failure. Insufficient myocardial capillary density after myocardial infarction has been identified as a critical event in this process, although the underlying mechanisms of cardiac angiogenesis are mechanistically not well understood. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we show(More)
Circulating microRNAs may have diagnostic potential in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Previous studies, however, were based on low patient numbers and could not assess the relation of microRNAs to clinical characteristics and their potential prognostic value. We thus assessed the diagnostic and prognostic value of cardiomyocyte-enriched microRNAs in the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) comprise a class of small, noncoding RNAs that control expression of complementary target mRNAs. Dysregulation of intracellular miRNA expression has been described in various diseases, including a number of cardiovascular conditions. Functional studies have shown a role for miRNAs in cardiac fibrosis, hypertrophy, angiogenesis, and heart(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are at high risk for the development of cholangiocarcinoma (CC). Analysis of micro ribonucleic acid (MiRNA) patterns is an evolving research field in biliary pathophysiology with potential value in diagnosis and therapy. Our aim was to evaluate miRNA patterns in serum and bile of patients(More)
Atrial fibrosis is important for the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF) but the underlying signal transduction is incompletely understood. We therefore studied the role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) and its downstream target Sprouty 1 (Spry1) during atrial fibrillation. Left atria (LA) from patients with AF showed a 2.5-fold increased expression of miR-21(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small ribonucleotides regulating gene expression. MicroRNAs are present in the blood in a remarkably stable form. We tested whether circulating miRNAs in the plasma of critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) at the inception of renal replacement therapy are deregulated and may predict survival.(More)
In response to stress, the heart undergoes extensive cardiac remodeling that results in cardiac fibrosis and pathological growth of cardiomyocytes (hypertrophy), which contribute to heart failure. Alterations in microRNA (miRNA) levels are associated with dysfunctional gene expression profiles associated with many cardiovascular disease conditions; however,(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine that regulates immune and inflammatory responses, and its overproduction is a hallmark of inflammatory diseases. Inhibition of IL-6 signaling with the anti-IL-6 receptor antibody tocilizumab has provided some clinical benefit to patients; however, direct cytokine inhibition may be a more effective option. We(More)
Pathological growth of cardiomyocytes (hypertrophy) is a major determinant for the development of heart failure, one of the leading medical causes of mortality worldwide. Here we show that the microRNA (miRNA)-212/132 family regulates cardiac hypertrophy and autophagy in cardiomyocytes. Hypertrophic stimuli upregulate cardiomyocyte expression of miR-212 and(More)