Shashi Kiran Chilappagari

Learn More
— In this paper, we propose a semi-analytical method to compute error floors of LDPC codes on the binary symmetric channel decoded iteratively using the Gallager B algorithm. The error events of the decoder are characterized using combinatorial objects called trapping sets, originally defined by Richardson. In general, trapping sets are characteristic of(More)
— We discuss error floor asympotics and present a method for improving the performance of low-density parity check (LDPC) codes in the high SNR (error floor) region. The method is based on Tanner graph covers that do not have trapping sets from the original code. The advantages of the method are that it is universal, as it can be applied to any LDPC(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine prevalence and correlates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and diagnosis in older adolescents aged 16 through 22 years. METHOD The second cycle of a longitudinal epidemiological study in the Southeast included a semistructured interview assessing PTSD symptomatology administered to 490 adolescents. RESULTS(More)
—In this paper, we develop a theoretical framework for the analysis and design of fault-tolerant memory architectures. Our approach is a modification of the method developed by Taylor and refined by Kuznetsov. Taylor and Kuznetsov (TK) showed that memory systems have nonzero computational (storage) capacity, i.e., the redundancy necessary to ensure(More)
In this paper, we investigate the error correction capability of column-weight-three LDPC codes when decoded using the Gallager A algorithm. We prove that the necessary condition for a code to correct k ≥ 5 errors is to avoid cycles of length up to 2k in its Tanner graph. As a consequence of this result, we show that given any α > 0, ∃N such that ∀n > N ,(More)
— In this paper we propose an analytical method to evaluate the performance of one step majority logic decoders constructed from faulty gates. We analyze the decoder under the assumption that the gates fail independently. We calculate the average bit error probability of such a decoder and apply the method to the special case of projective geometry codes.(More)
— The failures of iterative decoders for low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes on the additive white Gaussian noise channel (AWGNC) and the binary symmetric channel (BSC) can be understood in terms of combinatorial objects known as trapping sets. In this paper, we derive a systematic method to identify the most relevant trapping sets for decoding over the(More)
—We describe a family of instanton-based optimization methods developed recently for the analysis of the error floors of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. Instantons are the most probable configurations of the channel noise which result in decoding failures. We show that the general idea and the respective optimization technique are applicable broadly(More)
—In this paper, we propose a new class of quantized message-passing decoders for LDPC codes over the BSC. The messages take values (or levels) from a finite set. The update rules do not mimic belief propagation but instead are derived using the knowledge of trapping sets. We show that the update rules can be derived to correct certain error patterns that(More)