Shashi Kiran Chilappagari

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— We discuss error floor asympotics and present a method for improving the performance of low-density parity check (LDPC) codes in the high SNR (error floor) region. The method is based on Tanner graph covers that do not have trapping sets from the original code. The advantages of the method are that it is universal, as it can be applied to any LDPC(More)
— In this paper, we propose a semi-analytical method to compute error floors of LDPC codes on the binary symmetric channel decoded iteratively using the Gallager B algorithm. The error events of the decoder are characterized using combinatorial objects called trapping sets, originally defined by Richardson. In general, trapping sets are characteristic of(More)
— In this paper, we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a column-weight-three LDPC code to correct three errors when decoded using Gallager A algorithm. We then provide a construction technique which results in a code satisfying the above conditions. We also provide numerical assessment of code performance via simulation results.
—We describe a family of instanton-based optimization methods developed recently for the analysis of the error floors of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. Instantons are the most probable configurations of the channel noise which result in decoding failures. We show that the general idea and the respective optimization technique are applicable broadly(More)
—In this paper, we propose a new class of quantized message-passing decoders for LDPC codes over the BSC. The messages take values (or levels) from a finite set. The update rules do not mimic belief propagation but instead are derived using the knowledge of trapping sets. We show that the update rules can be derived to correct certain error patterns that(More)
—In this paper, we develop a theoretical framework for the analysis and design of fault-tolerant memory architectures. Our approach is a modification of the method developed by Taylor and refined by Kuznetsov. Taylor and Kuznetsov (TK) showed that memory systems have nonzero computational (storage) capacity, i.e., the redundancy necessary to ensure(More)
—In this paper, we compare performance of three classes of forward error correction schemes for 40-Gb/s optical transmission systems. The first class is based on the concatenation of Reed–Solomon codes and this is employed in the state-of-the-art fiber-optics communication systems. The second class is the turbo product codes with Bose–Chaudhuri–Hocquenghen(More)
—This paper introduces a class of structured low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes whose parity check matrices are arrays of permutation matrices. The permutation matrices are obtained from Latin squares and form a finite field under some matrix operations. They are chosen so that the Tanner graphs do not contain subgraphs harmful to iterative decoding(More)
The relation between the girth and the guaranteed error correction capability of γ-left regular LDPC codes when decoded using the bit flipping (serial and parallel) algorithms is investigated. A lower bound on the size of variable node sets which expand by a factor of at least 3γ/4 is found based on the Moore bound. An upper bound on the guaranteed error(More)