Learn More
Effective DNA repair machinery ensures maintenance of genomic integrity. Environmental insults, ageing and replication errors necessitate the need for proper DNA repair systems. Any alteration in DNA repair efficacy would play a dominant role in progression of squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN). Genotypes of XRCC1 gene-Arg194Trp, Arg280His,(More)
Cadmium immunotoxicity in rodents is primarily characterized by marked thymic damage and splenomegaly. To understand the toxicity of Cd on lymphoid cells in vivo, a single dose of Cd as CdCl2 (1.8 mg/kg, i.p.) was administered to male BALB/c mice and cytotoxicity (MTT assay), oxidative stress indicators (glutathione, reactive oxygen species) and apoptotic(More)
Spirulina is a widely used health supplement and is a dietary source of C-Phycocyanin (CPC), a potent anti-oxidant. We have previously reported the neurotoxic potential of tributyltin chloride (TBTC), an environmental pollutant and potent biocide. In this study, we have evaluated the protective efficacy of CPC against TBTC induced neurotoxicity. To evaluate(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN), one of the leading cancers worldwide, is most prevalent in Indian sub-continent. The major risk factors involved are smoking and consumption of alcohol, since they provide high free radical generating environment. We studied 8-oxoguanine DNA-glycosylase (OGG1) Ser326Cys polymorphism in 278 SCCHN cases and(More)
Cadmium being a potent immunotoxicant, affects both humoral and cell mediated immunity. However, its effect on spleen is not clearly understood. Hence, to delineate the action of Cd, mouse splenic lymphocytes were exposed to Cd (10, 25 and 50 microM) for 60 min, 1.5, 3, 6 and 18 h. At 6 h, apoptosis was reflected by DNA fragmentation, increased sub-G1(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known environmental carcinogen and a potent immunotoxicant. It induces thymocyte apoptosis in vitro. However, the mode of action is unclear. In this study, we examined the effect of Cd (10, 25 and 50microM) on mitochondrial membrane potential and caspase-3 as well as oxidative stress markers in murine thymocytes. The cadmium induced(More)
Based on our recent findings that 25 µM cadmium triggers oxidative stress-mediated caspase-dependent apoptosis in murine thymocytes, this study is designed to explore whether Cd also induces caspase-independent apoptosis. We found that pretreatment with caspase inhibitors fails to prevent Cd-induced apoptosis completely, suggesting the possibility of an(More)
Cadmium being a potent immunotoxicant, affects both humoral and cell mediated immunity. In rodents, it is primarily characterized by marked thymic atrophy and splenomegaly. Cadmium induces apoptosis in mice and suppresses the immune functions. Piperine, major alkaloid of Piper longum Linn. and Piper nigrum Linn. with a long history of medicinal value, has(More)
Cadmium (Cd), a possible human carcinogen is a potent immunotoxicant. In rodents it causes thymic atrophy and splenomegaly, in addition to immuno-suppression and modulation of humoral and/or cellular immune response. Oxidative stress and apoptosis appear to be underlying mechanism of Cd induced thymic injury. To understand the involvement of reactive oxygen(More)