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Fixed heterosis resulting from favorable interactions between the genes on their homoeologous genomes in an allopolyploid is considered analogous to classical heterosis accruing from interactions between homologous chromosomes in heterozygous plants of a diploid species. It has been hypothesized that fixed heterosis may be one of the causes of low classical(More)
Derived amphiploidy helped to resynthesize agronomically superior B. juncea germplasm which showed high heterosis in crosses with natural B. juncea . This new procedure facilitates a seamless flow of variation across Brassica digenomics. Brassica digenomics, artificially resynthesized by hybridizing extant genome donor diploids, show poor breeding value due(More)
Twenty Brassica breeding populations derived from mass selection or inter-specific hybridization were field screened for resistance to three separate isolates of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, the cause of Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR). Variation due to S. sclerotiorum isolates (P ≤ 0.001) and host populations (P ≤ 0.001) were highly significant. Populations ×(More)
C genome chromosome substitution lines of B. juncea constitute a key genetic resource for increased genetic diversity and hybrid performance. C genome chromosome substitution lines were found in the progenies of derived B. juncea (2n = 36; AABB), synthesized through hybridization between B. napus and B. carinata. These were originally recognized based on(More)
First report for the resynthesis of Brassica napus by recombining A and C genome from B. juncea and B. carinata , respectively. Also documents B genome introgressions in resynthesized B. napus. Resynthesis of Brassica napus (AACC) was achieved by hybridizing Brassica juncea (AABB) with Brassica carinata (BBCC). This was facilitated by spontaneous chromosome(More)
Newly discovered determinate plant growth habit in Brassica juncea is simply inherited and can help in architectural restructuring of Brassica oilseeds. Brassica juncea is naturally indeterminate. This growth habit tends to accentuate intra-plant competition for resources within the plant canopy, leading to unfilled seeds, immature pods and tip sterility.(More)
A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population was developed following hybridization between a low glucosinolate B. juncea genotype, NUDH-YJ-04 and a high glucosinolate cultivar, RL-1359. RILs differed for seed and leaf glucosinolates, total tocopherols and oil content. A linkage map of length covering 2346.9 cM was constructed. It comprised 198 markers(More)
Brassica napus introgression lines (ILs), having B-genome segments from B. carinata, were assessed genetically for extent of introgression and phenotypically for siliqua shatter resistance. Introgression lines had 7-9% higher DNA content, were meiotically stable, and had almost normal pollen fertility/seed set. Segment introgressions were confirmed by(More)
Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L) Czern & Coss) is naturally indeterminate. Plants with determinate inflorescence were first discovered in the self progenies of B. juncea (AABB; 2n = 36), resynthesized by combining A-genome from B. napus (AACC; 2n = 38) and B-genome from B. carinata (BBCC; 2n = 34). In the determinate plants, apical meristems were(More)
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