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BACKGROUND There was a dengue epidemic in several regions of China in 2013. No study has explored the dynamics of dengue transmission between different geographical locations with dengue outbreaks in China. The purpose of the study is to analyze the epidemiological characteristics and to explore the dynamic transmission of dengue in China, 2013. (More)
In the present study, zebrafish embryos were used to assess the neurotoxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), diethyl phthalate (DEP) and their mixture. Four-hour post-fertilization (hpf) zebrafish embryos were exposed to various concentrations of DBP, DEP and their mixture (DBP-DEP) until 96 hpf. The transcriptions levels of selected neuron-related genes(More)
BACKGROUND Jatropha curcas L., also called the Physic nut, is an oil-rich shrub with multiple uses, including biodiesel production, and is currently exploited as a renewable energy resource in many countries. Nevertheless, because of its origin from the tropical MidAmerican zone, J. curcas confers an inherent but undesirable characteristic (low cold(More)
BACKGROUND The IL-4, IL-4 receptor (IL4R), and IL-13 genes are crucial immune factors and may influence the course of various diseases. In the present study, we investigated the association between the potential functional polymorphisms in IL-4, IL-4R, and IL-13 and coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) risk in a Chinese population. METHODS Six polymorphisms(More)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is characterized by immature dendritic spine architectures and cognitive impairment. 7, 8-Dihydroxyflavone (7, 8-DHF) has recently been identified as a high affinity tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) agonist. The purpose of this paper was to examine the utility of 7, 8-DHF as an effective pharmacotherapeutic agent that targets(More)
The wide range of applications of ZnO nanoparticles (nano ZnO) in commercial products and the ubiquitous cadmium (Cd) contamination in the natural environment increase the chance of co-existence of nano ZnO with Cd in the surroundings. To investigate the effects of nano ZnO on CdCl2-induced hepatotoxicity in mice, the histopathologic changes,(More)
Peroxisomal β-oxidation is primarily responsible for the degradation of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), dicarboxylic acids, unsaturated fatty acids and branched fatty acids. The genes encoding β-oxidation enzymes are transcriptionally regulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα). Age-related decreases in acyl-CoA oxidase 1(More)
Flg22, which is the most conserved 22-amino acid peptide in the N-terminal part of flagellin, functions as an effective elicitor in higher plants. Marine algae and higher plants share some conserved characteristics on defense response pathways. Flg22-induced defense responses were investigated in female gametophytes of Saccharina japonica. Condensation of(More)
Chronic exposure to carbon disulfide (CS₂) can induce polyneuropathy in occupational worker and experimental animals, but underlying mechanism for CS₂ neuropathy is currently unknown. In the present study, male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three experimental groups and one control group. The rats in experimental groups were treated with CS₂ by(More)
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder. Because its underlying mechanisms remain incompletely understood, current treatments are not adequate for all epilepsy patients, and some patients progress to refractory epilepsy. Under physiological conditions, excitatory and inhibitory neurons function in a dynamic balance. Epilepsy develops when this balance is(More)