Sharon Y R Dent

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Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is a tubulin-specific deacetylase that regulates microtubule-dependent cell movement. In this study, we identify the F-actin-binding protein cortactin as a HDAC6 substrate. We demonstrate that HDAC6 binds cortactin and that overexpression of HDAC6 leads to hypoacetylation of cortactin, whereas inhibition of HDAC6 activity leads(More)
Histone acetyltransferases (HATs) GCN5 and PCAF (GCN5/PCAF) and CBP and p300 (CBP/p300) are transcription co-activators. However, how these two distinct families of HATs regulate gene activation remains unclear. Here, we show deletion of GCN5/PCAF in cells specifically and dramatically reduces acetylation on histone H3K9 (H3K9ac) while deletion of CBP/p300(More)
Trimethylation of lysine 9 in histone H3 (H3K9me3) enrichment is a characteristic of pericentric heterochromatin. The hypothesis of a stepwise mechanism to establish and maintain this mark during DNA replication suggests that newly synthesized histone H3 goes through an intermediate methylation state to become a substrate for the histone methyltransferase(More)
The Tup1-Ssn6 corepressor complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae represses the transcription of a diverse set of genes. Chromatin is an important component of Tup1-Ssn6-mediated repression. Tup1 binds to underacetylated histone tails and requires multiple histone deacetylases (HDACs) for its repressive functions. Here, we describe physical interactions of the(More)
Cellular differentiation is, by definition, epigenetic. Genome-wide profiling of pluripotent cells and differentiated cells suggests global chromatin remodelling during differentiation, which results in a progressive transition from a fairly open chromatin configuration to a more compact state. Genetic studies in mouse models show major roles for a variety(More)
The Tup1-Ssn6 complex from budding yeast is one of the best studied corepressors and has served as a model for the study of similar corepressor complexes in higher eukaryotes. Tup1-Ssn6 represses multiple subsets of genes when recruited to promoters by sequence-specific DNA binding repressors. Tup1-Ssn6 mediated repression involves interactions among the(More)
Transcription stimulates the genetic instability of trinucleotide repeat sequences. However, the mechanisms leading to transcription-dependent repeat length variation are unclear. We demonstrate, using biochemical and genetic approaches, that the formation of stable RNA.DNA hybrids enhances the instability of CTG.CAG repeat tracts. In vitro transcribed(More)
The SAGA complex provides a paradigm for multisubunit histone modifying complexes. Although first characterized as a histone acetyltransferase, because of the Gcn5 subunit, SAGA is now known to contain a second activity, a histone deubiquitinase, as well as subunits important for interactions with transcriptional activators and the general transcription(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by expansion of a CAG repeat encoding a polyglutamine tract in ATXN7, a component of the SAGA histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex. Previous studies provided conflicting evidence regarding the effects of polyQ-ATXN7 on the activity of Gcn5, the HAT catalytic subunit of SAGA. Here,(More)
Ubiquitin-specific protease 22 (USP22) edits the histone code by deubiquitinating H2A and H2B as part of the mammalian SAGA (Spt-Ada-Gcn5) complex, and is required for transcriptional regulation and normal cell-cycle progression. Here, we show that USP22 affects the expression of p21 by altering far upstream element (FUSE)-binding protein 1 (FBP1)(More)