Sharon Y. Manuel

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Languages differ in their inventories of distinctive sounds and in their systems of contrast. Here, it is proposed that this observation may have predictive value with respect to how extensively various phones are coarticulated in particular languages. This hypothesis is based on three assumptions: (1) There are "output constraints" on just how a given(More)
This paper traces some of the history of the development of a model for speech perception in which words are assumed to be represented as sequences of bundles of binary distinctive features. In the model, probability estimates for feature values are derived from measurements of acoustic attributes in the vicinity of acoustic " landmarks. " Landmarks are(More)
A largely unsuccessful attempt to communicate phonologic segments by sounds other than speech led my colleagues and me to ask why speech does it so well. The answer came the more slowly because we were wedded to a "horizontal" view of language, seeing it as a biologically arbitrary assemblage of processes that are not themselves linguistic. Accordingly, we(More)
(1992) Acoustic and perceptual characteristics of voicing in fricatives and fricative clusters, Procedure Broadband spectrograms and waveform printouts are to be made of selected utterances containing various stop and fricative consonants. Spectra should be generated at selected points through the utterances in order to illustrate the properties of the(More)
lINTRODUCI10N Over the last few years, much work in phonology has been devoted to exploring the way features are specified for segments; in particular, to what extent feature specification may be underlyingly present and/or acquired by rule or default in the course of a derivation. While a number of proposals have been made attributing various degrees of(More)
Explaining and modelling the process of coarticulation is one of the central tasks of speech research. At the same time, the literature on the temporal extent of anticipatory coarticulation has been characterized by conflicting findings. In this paper, we bring together data from a number of different articulatory studies to argue that many of these(More)
This study focuses on the acoustic patterns of stop consonants and adjacent vowels as they develop in young children (ages 2;6-3;3) over a six month period. Speech is generated using a series of articulatory, laryngeal, and respiratory gestures that children must learn to reproduce. As a child's speech develops, the gestures become more precise and(More)