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PURPOSE OF REVIEW To present peer-reviewed articles related to strabismus in craniosynostosis. RECENT FINDINGS Improved neurosurgical treatment has resulted in amblyopia replacing optic atrophy as the main cause of visual impairment in Apert's and Crouzon syndromes. Patients with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis have an increased incidence of significant… (More)
PURPOSE We sought to identify the features of congenital anterior lens opacities (CALOs), which are associated with increased risk for amblyopia. METHODS We undertook a retrospective study of 59 patients with CALO from 3 clinical practices. The following variables were examined: type (polar, subcapsular, or pyramidal), location (central, paracentral, or… (More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Cortical visual impairment (CVI) is a major cause of visual loss in children worldwide. The definition of this condition is constantly evolving with respect to definition, identifying those at risk and technology for diagnosis. These advances can be used for early diagnosis, design of accommodations and services, as well as future… (More)
PURPOSE We sought to assess the success of amblyopia treatment in patients with small posterior lens opacities as well as the factors associated with a good visual outcome. METHODS This was a retrospective study of patients with posterior lens opacities that initially were thought to be too small in size to warrant cataract surgery. The following… (More)
Mission: The Permanente Journal is written and published by the clinicians of the Permanente Medical Groups and KFHP to promote the delivery of superior health care through the principles and benefits of Permanente Medicine.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To evaluate and review the recent scientific literature on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Recent studies have shown advancement in treatment options in ROP as well as improved functional and structural outcomes. This review compiles some of these recent findings. RECENT FINDINGS New guidelines on ROP screening and treatment criteria… (More)