Sharon Peters

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BACKGROUND Critically ill patients who require mechanical ventilation are at increased risk for gastrointestinal bleeding from stress ulcers. There are conflicting data on the effect of histamine H2-receptor antagonists and the cytoprotective agent sucralfate on rates of gastrointestinal bleeding, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and mortality. METHODS In(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the level of satisfaction of family members with the care that they and their critically ill relative received. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Six university-affiliated intensive care units across Canada. METHODS We administered a validated questionnaire to family members who made at least one visit to intensive care(More)
Abstract Objective. To describe the substitute decision-makers' perspectives related to decision-making in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to determine those variables associated with their overall satisfaction with decision-making. Design. Prospective, multicenter, cohort study. Setting. Six Canadian university-affiliated ICUs. Patients and participants.(More)
PURPOSE The frequency of clinically diagnosed venous thromboembolism (VTE) including deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in medical-surgical critically ill patients is unclear. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence and incidence of radiologically confirmed DVT and PE in medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU)(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled albuterol is most commonly self-administered by patients using a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) but patients often have difficulty using the device. Dry powder devices such as the multi-dose, inspiratory flow driven inhaler (Turbuhaler) are often better handled by patients. OBJECTIVE We sought to compare the efficacy and(More)
BACKGROUND The risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) and the risk for bleeding among critically ill surgical patients are both important in the early postoperative period. MATERIALS AND METHODS To record VTE prophylaxis prescribed for surgical patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) within the first postoperative week. We conducted a prospective(More)
This page has been left blank for double-sided copying. v ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Many individuals contributed to this report. The authors would like to thank Rose Chu, Erica Berry and Richard Kronick of the DHHS Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation's Office of Health Policy for sponsoring the study and providing thoughtful guidance and support(More)
This article describes the Trauma Healing Project (THP: www.http//, the Survivor Voices study (n = 351), and the complementary nature of community- campus partnerships (CCP) and community-based participatory action research methodology (PAR). Survivor Voices-a random digit telephone survey developed by, conducted, analyzed, and(More)
To compare the efficacy and side effects of two xanthine derivatives in the maintenance therapy of reversible obstructive airway disease, 242 patients were assigned in randomized, double-blind fashion to receive either oral enprofylline or theophylline for 5 weeks in addition to their usual maintenance regimens. After a week of placebo xanthine therapy,(More)
A prospective health impact assessment (HIA) was conducted to identify potential health impacts arising from the planned redevelopment of Liverpool Hospital, a major teaching hospital in New South Wales, Australia. A multidisciplinary team of health professionals oversaw the HIA and a core project team led by population health practitioners conducted the(More)