Sharon P. Moore

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Ty1 retrotransposition in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires integrase (IN)-mediated insertion of Ty1 cDNA into the host genome. The transposition components are assembled in the cytoplasm and must cross the nuclear envelope to reach the genomic target, since, unlike animal cell nuclear membranes, the yeast cell nuclear membrane remains intact throughout the(More)
The yeast retrotransposon Ty1 resembles retroviruses in a number of important respects but also shows several fundamental differences from them. We now report that, as in retroviruses, the genomic RNA in Ty1 virus-like particles is dimeric. The Ty1 dimers also resemble retroviral dimers in that they are stabilized during the proteolytic maturation of the(More)
The retrovirus-like mobile genetic element of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Ty1, transposes to new genomic locations via the element-encoded integrase (IN). Here we report that purified recombinant IN catalyzed correct integration of a linear DNA into a supercoiled target plasmid. Ty1 virus-like particles (VLPs) integrated donor DNA more efficiently than IN.(More)
BACKGROUND The Monkey Alcohol Tissue Research Resource (MATRR) is a repository and analytics platform for detailed data derived from well-documented nonhuman primate (NHP) alcohol self-administration studies. This macaque model has demonstrated categorical drinking norms reflective of human drinking populations, resulting in consumption pattern(More)
An alternative method to enzymatic digestion for protein identification by mass spectrometry has been developed that is based on chemical cleavage by formic acid. This method was tested on gel-purified apomyoglobin and BSA, as well as unknown proteins that cofractionate with Tyl-virus-like particles from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cleavage at aspartyl(More)
The mobility of the Ty1 retrotransposon in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is restricted by a large collection of proteins that preserve the integrity of the genome during replication. Several of these repressors of Ty1 transposition (Rtt)/genome caretakers are orthologs of mammalian retroviral restriction factors. In rtt/genome caretaker mutants, levels(More)
Parthenogenesis in vertebrates is considered an evolutionary novelty. In snakes, all of which exhibit genetic sex determination with ZZ : ZW sex chromosomes, this rare form of asexual reproduction has failed to yield viable female WW offspring. Only through complex experimental manipulations have WW females been produced, and only in fish and amphibians.(More)
Despite their evolutionary distance, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae retrotransposon Ty1 and retroviruses use similar strategies for replication, integration, and interactions with their hosts. Here we examine the formation of circular Ty1 DNA, which is comparable to the dead-end circular products that arise during retroviral infection. Appreciable levels of(More)
A human protein of approximately 120 kilodaltons has been purified to homogeneity based on its ability to catalyze the homology-dependent transfer of the complementary strand from a linear duplex DNA to a circular single-strand DNA. The activity was purified from an immature T-cell acute leukemic tumor cell line, with the majority of enrichment obtained by(More)
Integration of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae retrotransposon Ty1 requires the element-encoded integrase (IN) protein, which is a component of cytoplasmic virus-like particles (VLPs). Using purified recombinant Ty1 IN and an oligonucleotide integration assay based on Ty1 long terminal repeat sequences, we have compared IN activity on substrates having either(More)