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Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), a much milder form of the disease where the age of onset can sometimes be as late as the third or fourth decade of life, are caused by mutations in the same X-linked gene, a 14 kilobase (kb) transcript which is spread over more than 2 megabases of the human X chromosome. The(More)
Fetal muscle cDNA clones covering at least 11.4 kb of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene sequence were used to identify a deletion-prone region in DNA from DMD and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients. Of 36 BMD cases, 17 (47%) had deletions and all of the deletions began in the same intron of the gene. Of 107 DMD patients, 27 (25%) were deleted(More)
We have characterized deletions of the dystrophin gene in patients suffering from relatively mild muscular dystrophy. Our data show that most of the Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients have intragenic deletions which leave the protein reading frame in phase. Remarkably, large deletions of the region corresponding to the central triple helical repeats(More)
mdx is an X-linked muscular dystrophy mutant of the mouse and a putative homolog of the human X-linked muscular dystrophy locus--Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Utilizing a C57BL/10/Mus Spretus interspecific cross in which the mdx mutation was segregating, we have constructed a detailed genetic map around the mdx locus on the mouse X chromosome. We were(More)
Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD and BMD) genes are located in Xp21 on the short arm of the X chromosome. DMD patients display a much more severe clinical course than BMD patients, and yet about 10% of cases of each have been reported to have deletions for parts of the gene. Using a complementary DNA subclone of the DMD gene we have screened 66(More)
The tyrP gene which codes for a component of the tyrosine-specific transport system of Escherichia coli has been cloned on a 2.8-kilobase insert into plasmid pBR322. Transposon mutagenesis, using Tn1000, indicates that the tyrP+ gene is at least 1.1 kilobase in length. Labeling of the tyrP protein in maxicells with [35S]methionine indicates an apparent(More)
Two cDNA probes, cf23a and cf56a, identify deletions of selected exons in about 50% of our DMD/BMD patients. We have estimated the most likely order of the 11 exons detectable with both probes with respect to the different extensions of the deletions. In one of our BMD pedigrees, the observed deletion could be traced in the affected males through three(More)
The analysis of DNA from patients suffering from Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) muscular distrophies has resulted in the identification of a single gene locus for these diseases. The locus is deleted to varying extents in affected patients. The translation product of this locus has been implicated as the site of the primary biochemical defect responsible(More)
A panel of patients with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD and BMD) has been screened with the cDNA probes Cf56a and Cf23a, which detect exons in the central part of the DMD gene. One or more exons were deleted in 60% of patients. The deletions were mapped and prove to be heterogeneous in size and extent, particularly in DMD. Deletions specific to(More)