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Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD and BMD) genes are located in Xp21 on the short arm of the X chromosome. DMD patients display a much more severe clinical course than BMD patients, and yet about 10% of cases of each have been reported to have deletions for parts of the gene. Using a complementary DNA subclone of the DMD gene we have screened 66(More)
mdx is an X-linked muscular dystrophy mutant of the mouse and a putative homolog of the human X-linked muscular dystrophy locus--Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Utilizing a C57BL/10/Mus Spretus interspecific cross in which the mdx mutation was segregating, we have constructed a detailed genetic map around the mdx locus on the mouse X chromosome. We were(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), a much milder form of the disease where the age of onset can sometimes be as late as the third or fourth decade of life, are caused by mutations in the same X-linked gene, a 14 kilobase (kb) transcript which is spread over more than 2 megabases of the human X chromosome. The(More)
Fetal muscle cDNA clones covering at least 11.4 kb of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene sequence were used to identify a deletion-prone region in DNA from DMD and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients. Of 36 BMD cases, 17 (47%) had deletions and all of the deletions began in the same intron of the gene. Of 107 DMD patients, 27 (25%) were deleted(More)
The ability to map disease loci using restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) identified by DNA probes has revolutionized molecular genetics. Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies have been shown to be localized within the same very small region of Xp21 on the human X chromosome. The mutation itself should soon be identified at the DNA level,(More)
We have isolated a cDNA molecule from a human adult muscle cDNA library which is deleted in several Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients. Patient deletions have been used to map the exons across the Xp21 region of the short arm of the X chromosome. We demonstrate that a very mildly affected 61 year old patient is deleted for at least nine exons of the adult(More)
The tyrP gene which codes for a component of the tyrosine-specific transport system of Escherichia coli has been cloned on a 2.8-kilobase insert into plasmid pBR322. Transposon mutagenesis, using Tn1000, indicates that the tyrP+ gene is at least 1.1 kilobase in length. Labeling of the tyrP protein in maxicells with [35S]methionine indicates an apparent(More)
Deletions in the gene sequence for Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) muscular dystrophy were detected in affected males with four cDNA probes, Cf56a, Cf23a, Ca1A, and Cf27. Most of the deletions were seen with only one of the probes. Cf23a detected all BMD deletions seen with Cf56a and some that were not. The same markers also detected restriction fragment(More)