Sharon M Donovan

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Prolonged exercise increases circulating insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in humans and animals, but its physiological significance is unknown. This study examined 1) time-course changes in plasma IGFBP-1 and hepatic IGFBP-1 mRNA expression after exercise, 2) changes in IGFBP-1 in relation to plasma glucose, insulin, and IGF-I, and 3)(More)
The effect of orally administered IGF-I on intestinal development was assessed in piglets. Cesarean-derived, colostrum-deprived piglets received formula alone or formula containing 65 nM (500 microg/L) of recombinant human IGF-I. IGF-I intake averaged 200 microg/kg/d. On d 7 and 14 postpartum, piglets were killed, organs were removed and weighed, and tissue(More)
Diarrhea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. The addition of fiber to infant formulas reduces recovery time following pathogenic infection in infants > 6 mo old, but effects on neonates are unknown. The hypothesis that fermentable fiber reduces infection-associated symptoms and enhances intestinal structure and function in neonates was(More)
BACKGROUND Effects of diet on the structure and function of gut microbial communities in newborn infants are poorly understood. High-resolution molecular studies are needed to definitively ascertain whether gut microbial communities are distinct in milk-fed and formula-fed infants. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Pyrosequencing-based whole transcriptome(More)
Hexamethylphosphoramide (HMPA), a potent rat nasal carcinogen by inhalation, and three of its metabolites, pentamethylphosphoramide (PMPA), trimethylphosphoramide (TriMPA), and formaldehyde (HCHO), were assessed in Salmonella typhimurium gene mutation assays using various protocols, including plate incorporation, preincubation and suspension assays. HMPA(More)
Gut microbiota and the host exist in a mutualistic relationship, with the functional composition of the microbiota strongly affecting the health and well-being of the host. Thus, it is important to develop a synthetic approach to study the host transcriptome and the microbiome simultaneously. Early microbial colonization in infants is critically important(More)
The infant intestinal microbiota is shaped by genetics and environment, including the route of delivery and early dietary intake. Data from germ-free rodents and piglets support a critical role for the microbiota in regulating gastrointestinal and immune development. Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) both directly and indirectly influence intestinal(More)
Pregnancy is associated with rapid growth of maternal and fetal tissues. Insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and -II) have roles in mediating both fetal and placental growth. In this study serum IGFs and IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) were characterized, IGFBP protease activity was quantified, and hepatic IGFBP-1, -2, -3, and -4 mRNA were investigated(More)
IGF-I, IGF-II, and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP) were characterized in porcine serum, colostrum, and milk on d 1-28 postpartum. IGF-I and -II were measured by heterologous RIA. Serum IGFBP were characterized by Western ligand blotting and milk IGF binding activity by [125I]-IGF binding assay. IGF-II accounted for 70-85% of serum IGF and rose 2-fold between d(More)