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Degenerated brain tissue obtained from a deceased patient who had progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy had been fixed in formalin prior to processing for electron microscopy. In ultrathin sections virus-like particles resembling papova virions were frequently observed in glial nuclei. Correlation with light-microscopy findings suggests that(More)
Hydrocephalic neonates were observed in a small breeding colony of rats. Normal rats from this colony were obtained and brother-sister mated for seven generations. The overall prevalence of hydrocephalics was approximately 23%; however, in one subline, the prevalence approached 50%. Breeding data suggested the trait to be polygenic. Hydrocephalics could be(More)
Brains from three human cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and three monkey cases of transmitted Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease were examined. Spongiform change was present in all cases on both light and electron microscopic examination. Electron microscopic examination revealed membrane alterations within vacuoles in all cases. On SEM, both ulcerated and(More)
Inclusion body myositis is characterized by an insidious onset, progressive indolent course, and is generally felt to be refractory to standard therapy for myositis. We reviewed the charts of 32 patients with muscle biopsy findings suggestive of inclusion body myositis. The average time from symptom onset to diagnosis was 37 months, but initially 40% were(More)
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) has been viewed as a distinct and rare form of inflammatory myopathy. Previously reported findings from series of IBM patients have suggested that clinical and pathologic features are present which readily distinguish it from idiopathic polymyositis. We report 4 cases of IBM presenting clinically and pathologically as(More)
A 46-year-old man with nontropical sprue had anemia and hypoproteinemia for several years, until his condition was diagnosed and treated with dietary measures. Within a year after the diagnosis, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy developed, and the patient had a slightly fluctuating chronic downhill course until he died 10 years later. It is(More)
Two women with typical stiff-man syndrome (SMS) developed increasingly frequent attacks of muscle spasms with severe paroxysmal autonomic dysfunctions such as transient hyperpyrexia, diaphoresis, tachypnea, tachycardia, pupillary dilation, and arterial hypertension. Autoantibodies to GABA-ergic neurons were identified in the serum of both patients and in(More)