Sharon-Lise T. Normand

Learn More
BACKGROUND A 10-question screening scale of psychological distress and a six-question short-form scale embedded within the 10-question scale were developed for the redesigned US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). METHODS Initial pilot questions were administered in a US national mail survey (N = 1401). A reduced set of questions was subsequently(More)
BACKGROUND Public Law 102-321 established a block grant for adults with "serious mental illness" (SMI) and required the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) to develop a method to estimate the prevalence of SMI. METHODS Three SMI screening scales were developed for possible use in the SAMHSA National Household Survey on Drug(More)
There is increasing interest in utilizing novel markers of cardiovascular disease risk, and consequently, there is a need to assess the value of their use. This scientific statement reviews current concepts of risk evaluation and proposes standards for the critical appraisal of risk assessment methods. An adequate evaluation of a novel risk marker requires(More)
BACKGROUND Adjustment for case-mix is essential when using observational data to compare surgical techniques or providers. That is most often accomplished through the use of risk models that account for preoperative patient factors that may impact outcomes. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) uses such risk models to create risk-adjusted performance(More)
BACKGROUND The first version of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (STS NCD) was developed nearly 2 decades ago. Since its inception, the number of participants has grown dramatically, patient acuity has increased, and overall outcomes have consistently improved. To adjust for these and other changes, all STS risk(More)
BACKGROUND Antipsychotic drugs are widely used to manage behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia despite concerns about their safety. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between treatment with antipsychotics (both conventional and atypical) and all-cause mortality. DESIGN Population-based, retrospective cohort study. SETTING Ontario,(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is effective in prolonging survival and reducing disability in patients with coronary heart disease. However, national use patterns and predictors of CR use have not been evaluated thoroughly. METHODS AND RESULTS Using Medicare claims, we analyzed outpatient (phase II) CR use after hospitalizations for acute(More)
BACKGROUND Readmission soon after hospital discharge is an expensive and often preventable event for patients with heart failure. We present a model approved by the National Quality Forum for the purpose of public reporting of hospital-level readmission rates by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. METHODS AND RESULTS We developed a hierarchical(More)
BACKGROUND To assess outcomes of health services, providers need brief, responsive, reliable, and valid measures that can be implemented in clinical settings with minimal cost and burden. The Behavior and Symptom Identification Scale (BASIS-32) is a self-report measure developed in 1984 to assess mental health treatment outcomes. During the past 3 years,(More)