Sharon Leech

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Good protection against systemic challenge in the SIVmac model of AIDS has been provided by prior infection with attenuated virus. To determine if such protection extends to intrarectal mucosal challenge two molecular clones, SIVmacC8 and SIVmacJ5, were used in this study. SIVmacC8 has an attenuated phenotype in vivo, due to a 12-bp deletion in the nef/(More)
It has been suggested that the presence of immunoglobulin and complement receptors on rectal epithelium may facilitate the entry of HIV complexed to nonneutralizing antibody. We tested this hypothesis using simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of rhesus macaques. First, in a pilot study, a nonneutralizing IgG fraction of macaque anti-SIV gp120 was(More)
A longitudinal study of the CD8+ TCR variable (Vbeta) chain repertoire was performed in rhesus macaques experimentally infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) using both TCR Vbeta chain-specific monoclonal antibodies and TCR beta chain CDR3 length analysis. Expansions of subpopulations of CD8+ T cells were detected during the acute phase of SIV(More)
Macaques have been protected against infection with human cell-grown SIVmac by immunization with antigens encoded by the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Here, we investigated the efficacy of alloimmunization with simian B cells expressing high levels of MHC class I and class II molecules to confer protection against systemic challenge with(More)
Infection of macaques with attenuated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) induces potent superinfection resistance that may be applicable to the development of an AIDS vaccine but little information exists concerning the conditions necessary for the induction of this vaccine effect. We report that only a high dose of attenuated SIVmac protected macaques(More)
Envelopes of retroviruses, including human immunodeficiency virus and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), contain host cell proteins that potentially represent novel targets for vaccine development. We show here that sera from rhesus macaques recognized simian major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules in response to infection with SIV. Antibodies(More)
Testing failed to detect free isocyanates in dialyzer rinses or significant levels of immunoglobulin E antibodies to isocyanate-protein conjugates in the serum of individuals reacting during hemodialysis with dialyzers containing Cuprophan membranes. Extended immunization of rabbits with Limulus lysate-reactive material from dialyzer rinses demonstrated(More)
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