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Cholesterol is an integral component of neuronal membranes and recent evidence has shown that it regulates amyloid-beta protein precursor processing to form amyloid-beta peptides, which are a major constituent of cerebral amyloid plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease. 27-Hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) is synthesized from cholesterol via sterol(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter A7 (ABCA7) is expressed in the brain and, like its closest homolog ABCA1, belongs to the ABCA subfamily of full-length ABC transporters. ABCA1 promotes cellular cholesterol efflux to lipid-free apolipoprotein acceptors and also inhibits the production of neurotoxic beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides in vitro. The potential(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter A7 (ABCA7) is expressed in the brain and has been detected in macrophages, microglia, and neurons. ABCA7 promotes efflux of lipids from cells to apolipoproteins and can also regulate phagocytosis and modulate processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) to generate the Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide.(More)
The Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC1) protein mediates the trafficking of cholesterol from lysosomes to other organelles. Mutations in the NPC1 gene lead to the retention of cholesterol and other lipids in the lysosomal compartment, and such defects are the basis of NPC disease. Several parallels exist between NPC disease and Alzheimer's disease (AD), including(More)
Apolipoprotein-E (apoE) plays important roles in neurobiology and the apoE4 isoform increases risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). ApoE peptides are biologically active and may be produced in the brain. It is unclear if apoE proteolysis is dependent on isoform or AD status and this was addressed here. Hippocampus, frontal cortex, occipital lobe and cerebellum(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter A7 (ABCA7) is expressed in the brain and has been detected in macrophages, microglia, and neurons. ABCA7 promotes efflux of lipids from cells to apolipoproteins and can also regulate phagocytosis and modulate processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) to generate the Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid-␤ (A␤) peptide.(More)
INTRODUCTION Parkinson's disease (PD), is a common progressive neurodegenerative disorder, and missense mutations in the LRRK2 gene are the most common single genetic cause of autosomal dominant PD and polymorphic variants modulate risk in sporadic PD. Earlier research focused on LRRK2 genetics, but with the recent discoveries of LRRK2(More)
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutations are the most common cause of dominant and sporadic Parkinson’s disease (PD), a common neurodegenerative disorder. Yeast-two-hybrid screening using human LRRK2 kinase domain as bait identified microtubule associated protein 1B (MAP1B) as a LRRK2 interactor. The interacting domains were LRRK2 kinase and the light(More)
The near-infrared (NIR) luminescence efficiency of lanthanide complexes is largely dependent on the electronic and photophysical properties of antenna ligands. Although porphyrin ligands are efficient sensitizers of lanthanide NIR luminescence, non-pyrrolic porphyrin analogues, which have unusual symmetry and electronic states, have been much less studied.(More)
Tissue-spray ionization mass spectrometry is developed for the in situ chemical analysis of raw herbs under ambient conditions. We demonstrated that analyte molecules could be directly sprayed and ionized from solvent-wetted ginseng tissues upon the application of high electrical voltage to the tissue sample. Abundant phytochemicals/ metabolites, including(More)