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There have been very few investigations as to whether mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in vivo is the underlying mechanism of doxorubicin cardiotoxicity. Moreover, no investigations have been conducted to determine whether there are adaptive responses after doxorubicin treatment. We administered a single dose of doxorubicin (20 mg/kg) to male rats and(More)
Long-term caloric restriction reduces oxidative stress, increases mean and maximum lifespan in rodents and tends to enhance apoptosis, particularly in the liver. We investigated the effect of short-term (2 months) caloric restriction (40% reduction) in 6-month-old male Fischer 344 rats on various indicators of apoptosis (caspase-3, -7, -12, the inhibitor of(More)
Oxytocin is used widely for the induction and augmentation of labour, but there is little information about the dynamics of oxytocin receptors in human myometrium during parturition, and the possible effect of oxytocin infusion. This information is important because G protein-coupled receptors, such as the oxytocin receptor, undergo desensitization after(More)
In the present study, we investigated the possible mechanisms by which oxytocin might regulate oxytocin receptor (OTR) density. Exposure of cultured myometrial cells to oxytocin for a prolonged period caused desensitization: the steady-state level of oxytocin binding was 210 x 10(3) binding sites/cell, but this was time-dependently reduced to 20.1 x 10(3)(More)
There is evidence for hormonal receptor desensitisation in human myometrium, but little is known about the mechanisms involved in the loss of myometrial response to agonists such as beta(2)-adrenergic agonists, prostaglandin gamma and oxytocin. It is well known that the receptors for these hormones are coupled to G-proteins. The first step of receptor(More)
A physiological role for oxytocin in stimulating uterine contractions during labour is well accepted, but has not yet been well defined. Oxytocin activates phospholipase C to produce inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, which releases Ca2+ from intracellular stores. There is considerable evidence that G-proteins are involved in this signalling pathway. The(More)
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