Sharon Kling

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Asthma is the most common chronic lower respiratory disease in childhood throughout the world. Several guidelines and/or consensus documents are available to support medical decisions on pediatric asthma. Although there is no doubt that the use of common systematic approaches for management can considerably improve outcomes, dissemination and implementation(More)
The need for a reliable screening test for classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia prompted development of newborn screening programs. Worldwide incidence of classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia in this report was taken from newborn screening programs in France, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Scotland, and the United States. Two populations in which the(More)
In this descriptive retrospective cases series of eight cases phrenic nerve palsy in children caused by tuberculosis lymph gland infiltration of the phrenic nerve. The lymph gland enlargement was in all cases caused by culture confirmed Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The phrenic nerve palsy was on the left side in all eight cases with the presenting feature a(More)
BACKGROUND The contributing role of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in infants treated for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) is unknown. High dose steroids used in the treatment of PJP may further immunocompromise these infants contributing to the development of CMV pneumonia. AIM The aim of this study was to determine the role of CMV pneumonia in infants being(More)
BACKGROUND Acute asthma exacerbations remain a common cause of hospitalisation and healthcare utilisation in South African children. AIM To update the South African paediatric acute asthma guidelines according to current evidence, and produce separate recommendations for children above and below 2 years of age. METHODS A working group of the South(More)
We report a case of a persistent bronchopleural fistula following a pneumonectomy for post-tuberculosis bronchiectasis. The patient had two unsuccessful surgical attempts at closing of the fistula. Further surgical attempts were technically were not possible. Bronchoscopic closure was achieved by injecting human fibrin glue into the fistula via a catheter.(More)
A cohort of 24 children with expansile pneumonia caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is described in mostly HIV-noninfected children (n = 22). The children presented with nonresolving pneumonia and a swinging fever (83%). On chest radiography, they had dense opacification with bulging fissures mainly in the upper lobes (75%). On computed tomography, the(More)
INTRODUCTION The incidence of complicated lymph node disease in tuberculosis (TB) in children less than 15 years of age varies from 8% to 38%. There are few published studies on the bronchoscopic appearance and severity of airway obstruction caused by lymph node involvement of the airways resulting from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). The primary aim of(More)
The deployment of an esophageal stent to aid in the ventilation of a child who had developed an acquired broncho-esophageal fistula caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is described. The 12-month-old boy presented with respiratory failure requiring ventilation. The air leak via the fistula led to inadequate mechanical ventilation. The deployment of(More)