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The two mammalian bombesin-like peptides, gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) and neuromedin B (NMB), are structurally related neuropeptides reported to elicit a variety of responses in different cell types, including modulation of neuronal activity and growth. Two distinct bombesin receptor subtypes have recently been characterized: a mouse GRP-preferring(More)
During development, a subpopulation of olfactory neurons transiently expresses GABA. The spatiotemporal pattern of GABAergic expression coincides with migration of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons from the olfactory pit to the CNS. In this investigation, we evaluated the role of GABAergic input on LHRH neuronal migration using olfactory(More)
Adult bone marrow stem cells seem to differentiate into muscle, skin, liver, lung, and neuronal cells in rodents and have been shown to regenerate myocardium, hepatocytes, and skin and gastrointestinal epithelium in humans. Because we have demonstrated previously that transplanted bone marrow cells can enter the brain of mice and differentiate into neurons(More)
BACKGROUND Adult bone marrow-derived (BMD) cells could be used to repair damaged organs and tissues, but the intrinsic plasticity of these cells has been questioned by results of in-vitro studies suggesting that such cells might fuse with other cells giving the appearance of differentiation. We aimed to determine whether fusion events are important in vivo.(More)
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) induces proliferation of bone marrow-derived cells. G-CSF is neuroprotective after experimental brain injury, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Stem cell factor (SCF) is a cytokine important for the survival and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells. Its receptor (c-kit or CD117) is present in(More)
Inhibition of the LHRH system appears to play an important role in preventing precocious activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Evidence points to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) as the major negative regulator of postnatal LHRH neuronal activity. Changes in LHRH messenger RNA (mRNA) levels after alterations of GABAergic activity have been(More)
Luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons in the CNS are derived from cells of the olfactory placode and thereafter migrate from the olfactory pit into the diencephalon. In this study, we examined embryonic LHRH neurons and the LHRH migratory pathway for several markers. During development, N-CAM and peripherin mRNA were expressed by olfactory(More)
Treatment for most patients with head and neck cancers includes ionizing radiation. A consequence of this treatment is irreversible damage to salivary glands (SGs), which is accompanied by a loss of fluid-secreting acinar-cells and a considerable decrease of saliva output. While there are currently no adequate conventional treatments for this condition,(More)
Two anti-neurophysin monoclonal antibodies (MABs), PS 36 and PS 41, described in the preceding paper (Ben-Barak, Y, J.T. Russell, M.H. Whitnall, K. Ozato, and H. Gainer (1985) J. Neurosci. 5:000-000), allowed us to specifically stain for oxytocin-associated neurophysin (NP-OT) or vasopressin-associated neurophysin (NP-AVP) in the hypothalamus of developing(More)
The cytokine transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) has proangiogenic and proneurogenic effects and can potentially reduce infarct volumes. Therefore, we administered TGF alpha or vehicle directly into the area surrounding the infarct in female mice that received gender-mismatched bone marrow transplants from green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing(More)