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PINK1 was recently found to be associated with PARK6 as the causative gene. We performed mutation analysis in eight inbred families whose haplotypes link to the PARK6 region. We identified six pathogenic mutations (R246X, H271Q, E417G, L347P, and Q239X/R492X) in six unrelated families. All sites of mutations were novel, suggesting that PINK1 may be the(More)
In order to characterize the clinical spectrum of neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism (NIP), we studied a population of consecutive psychiatric in-patients treated with neuroleptics for at least two weeks, who were diagnosed by their psychiatrist as having parkinsonism. Parkinsonism was confirmed by a movement disorders specialist who performed neurological(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the frequency of different gene mutations in patients with early-onset parkinsonism and bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) and the short- and long-term surgical outcome in mutation-positive (MUT+) and -negative (MUT-) patients. METHODS Eighty patients with disease onset at age <or= 45 years and bilateral(More)
A single missense mutation (G2019S) in the leucine rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene has been reported to be prevalent among Ashkenazi Jewish patients with Parkinson disease (PD). An association between malignant melanoma (MM) and PD was also recently reported. The nature of this association is still elusive. To evaluate the rate of the G2019S* LRKK2(More)
The authors performed linkage analysis in 39 families with autosomal recessive early-onset PD (AR-EOPD) negative for parkin and DJ-1 mutations. Eight families including three Japanese, two Taiwanese, one Turkish, one Israeli, and one Philippine showed evidence of linkage with PARK6 with multipoint log of the odds (lod) score of 9.88 at D1S2732. The results(More)
Nigrostriatal dopaminergic function and cerebral energy metabolism were measured with PET in two brothers with early-onset parkinsonism caused by mutation of the parkin gene. Energy metabolism did not differ, but the nigrostriatal dopaminergic pattern was clearly different than that of sporadic PD. Thus parkinsonism in these two patients was shown to be(More)
We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 40 patients (aged 19 to 60 years) with clinical definite relapsing remitting (RR) MS and brain MRI confirmed. Patients were randomly assigned to receive a loading dose of immunoglobulin IgG (0.4 g/kg/body weight per day for 5 consecutive days), followed by single booster doses (0.4 g/kg/body weight)(More)
Adult-onset autosomal dominant leukodystrophy (ADLD) with autonomic symptoms features micturition urgency, constipation, erectile dysfunction, and orthostatic hypotension, usually followed by pyramidal signs and ataxia. Peripheral nerve conduction is normal. The disease is often mistaken for multiple sclerosis in the initial phase. There is a characteristic(More)
Subthalamic nucleus stimulation by means of permanently implanted brain electrodes is a very effective therapy for all the cardinal features of Parkinson's disease. In appropriate patients, motor improvement is accompanied by a significantly improved quality of life and a reduced necessity for medication. This article briefly reviews the indications,(More)
Yemenite Jews in Israel are a distinctive ethnic division of the Jewish diaspora. Clinical findings, disease course and genetic tests for the LRRK2 6055G > A (G2019S) mutation were compared between Ashkenazi and Yemenite Israeli patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Age of onset was significantly younger in the Yemenites (P < 0.001). There were no(More)