Sharon Gerecht

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Control of self-renewal and differentiation of human ES cells (hESCs) remains a challenge. This is largely due to the use of culture systems that involve poorly defined animal products and do not mimic the normal developmental milieu. Routine protocols involve the propagation of hESCs on mouse fibroblast or human feeder layers, enzymatic cell removal, and(More)
Vascular engineering remains a key thrust in advancing the field of tissue engineering of highly vascularized, complex, metabolic organs. A wide variety of strategies have been employed to control the formation of organized vascular structures in vitro and in vivo. Some of these methods include, but are not limited to, controlled growth factor delivery,(More)
We report that human embryonic stem cells contain a population of vascular progenitor cells that have the ability to differentiate into endothelial-like and smooth muscle (SM)-like cells. Vascular progenitor cells were isolated from EBs grown in suspension for 10 days and were characterized by expression of the endothelial/hematopoietic marker CD34 (CD34+(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can be guided to form new myocardium by transplantation into the normal or infarcted heart, and to assess the influence of hESC-derived cardiomyocytes (hESCMs) on cardiac function in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS Undifferentiated hESCs (0.5-1x10(6)), human(More)
Mammalian cells respond to their substrates by complex changes in gene expression profiles, morphology, proliferation and migration. We report that substrate nanotopography alters morpohology and proliferation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). Fibronectin-coated poly(di-methyl siloxane) substrates with line-grating (600nm ridges with 600nm spacing and(More)
Vascular engineering seeks to design and construct functional blood vessels comprising endothelial cells (ECs) and perivascular cells (PCs), with the ultimate goal of clinical translation. While EC behavior has been extensively investigated, PCs play an equally significant role in the development of novel regenerative strategies, providing functionality and(More)
High throughput experiments can be used to spatially and temporally investigate the many factors that regulate cell differentiation. We have developed a micro-bioreactor array (MBA) that is fabricated using soft lithography and contains twelve independent micro-bioreactors perfused with culture medium. The MBA enables cultivation of cells that are either(More)
The success of tissue regenerative therapies is contingent on functional and multicellular vasculature within the redeveloping tissue. Although endothelial cells (ECs), which compose the vasculature's inner lining, are intrinsically able to form nascent networks, these structures regress without the recruitment of pericytes, supporting cells that surround(More)
Exogenous electric fields have been implied in cardiac differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this work, we explored the effects of electrical field stimulation on ROS generation and cardiogenesis in embryoid bodies (EBs) derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESC, line H13), using a(More)
Here, we review an approach to tissue engineering of functional myocardium that is biomimetic in nature, as it involves the use of culture systems designed to recapitulate some aspects of the actual in vivo environment. To mimic the capillary network, subpopulations of neonatal rat heart cells were cultured on a highly porous elastomer scaffold with a(More)