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BACKGROUND Both established oral anticoagulants such as warfarin and newer agents such as dabigatran etexilate (DE) effectively prevent thromboembolic disease, but may provoke bleeding. Limited clinical data exist linking oral anticoagulant reversal and bleeding tendency, as opposed to surrogate laboratory markers. OBJECTIVE  To quantify bleeding in(More)
The variant serpin α1-PI M358R inhibits thrombin and other proteases such as activated protein C (APC) and factor XIa. We previously described recombinant proteins HAPI M358R (α1-PI M358R containing an N-terminal extension corresponding to residues 1-75 of heparin cofactor II) and HAPI RCL5 (HAPI M358R with F352-I356 and I360 substituted for the(More)
The leech protein hirudin is a potent inhibitor of thrombin, but clinical use of recombinant hirudin is restricted by haemorrhagic risks, and complicated by hirudin's rapid clearance from the circulation. We previously employed albumin fusion to slow hirudin variant 3 (HV3) clearance. In this study, we hypothesized that reconfiguration of the chimera,(More)
Depletion of internal Ca2+ stores causes capacitative Ca2+ entry which occurs through non-selective cation channels sensitive to blockade by SK&F 96365. Recently, alkaloids of Chinese herbal medicinal origin, tetrandrine and hernandezine, have been shown to possess actions including inhibition of Ca2+ channels in non-excitable cell types. In this study, we(More)
Individuals with haemophilia B require replacement therapy with recombinant or plasma-derived coagulation factor IX (fIX). More benefit per injected dose might be obtained if fIX clearance could be slowed. The contribution of overall size to fIX clearance was explored, using genetic fusion to albumin. Recombinant murine fIX (MIX), and three proteins with(More)
Mammalian albumins are abundant plasma proteins that exhibit a relatively slow terminal clearance. For this reason they have been fused to potentially therapeutic proteins with rapid terminal clearance to produce fusion proteins with more desirable clearance profiles. A disulfide-linked albumin dimer has been described, but its abundance and stability in(More)
Alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (AGP) is a highly glycosylated plasma protein that exerts vasoprotective effects. We hypothesized that AGP's N-linked glycans govern its rate of clearance from the circulation, and followed the disappearance of different forms of radiolabeled human AGP from the plasma of rabbits and mice. Enzymatic deglycosylation of human(More)
BACKGROUND The plasma protein alpha2-antiplasmin (alpha2AP) is cross-linked to fibrin in blood clots by the transglutaminase factor XIIIa, and in that location retards clot lysis. Competition for this effect could be clinically useful in patients with thrombosis. We hypothesized that fusion of N-terminal portions of alpha2-antiplasmin to human serum albumin(More)
The factors responsible for the removal of injected factor IX (fIX) from the blood of individuals with haemophilia B are only partly understood, and may include binding to endothelial or subendothelial sites, passive extravasation related to size or charge, or interactions requiring fIX activation. To investigate these issues, we have produced and(More)
The previously described fusion protein BLAH(6) (Marques JA et al.,Thromb Haemost 2001; 86: 902-8) is a recombinant protein that combines the small disintegrin barbourin with hexahistidine-tagged rabbit serumalbumin (RSA) produced in Pichia pastoris yeast. We sought to determine: (1) if BLAH(6) was immunogenic; and (2) if its barbourin domain could be(More)