Sharon Gannot

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We consider a sensor array located in an enclosure, where arbitrary transfer functions (TFs) relate the source signal and the sensors. The array is used for enhancing a signal contaminated by interference. Constrained minimum power adaptive beamforming, which has been suggested by Frost and, in particular, the generalized sidelobe canceler (GSC) version,(More)
Speech quality and intelligibility might significantly deteriorate in the presence of background noise, especially when the speech signal is subject to subsequent processing. In particular, speech coders and automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems that were designed or trained to act on clean speech signals might be rendered useless in the presence of(More)
In speech communication systems the received microphone signals are degraded by room reverberation and ambient noise that decrease the fidelity and intelligibility of the desired speaker. Reverberant speech can be separated into two components, viz. early speech and late reverberant speech. Recently, various algorithms have been developed to suppress late(More)
In speech enhancement applications microphone array postfiltering allows additional reduction of noise components at a beamformer output. Among microphone array structures the recently proposed general transfer function generalized sidelobe canceller (TF-GSC) has shown impressive noise reduction abilities in a directional noise field, while still(More)
We present a spectral domain, speech enhancement algorithm. The new algorithm is based on a mixture model for the short time spectrum of the clean speech signal, and on a maximum assumption in the production of the noisy speech spectrum. In the past this model was used in the context of noise robust speech recognition. In this paper we show that this model(More)
In many practical environments we wish to extract several desired speech signals, which are contaminated by nonstationary and stationary interfering signals. The desired signals may also be subject to distortion imposed by the acoustic room impulse responses (RIRs). In this paper, a linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) beamformer is designed for(More)
A dual-step approach for speaker localization based on a microphone array is addressed in this paper. In the first stage, which is not the main concern of this paper, the time difference between arrivals of the speech signal at each pair of microphones is estimated. These readings are combined in the second stage to obtain the source location. In this(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and management of coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) in current practice. BACKGROUND There is little evidence in contemporary literature concerning the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and treatment decisions regarding patients who have coronary CTOs(More)
The appetite amongst consumers for ever higher data-rates seems insatiable. This booming market presents a huge opportunity for telephone and cable operators. It also presents a challenge: the delivery of broadband services to millions of customers across sparsely populated areas. Fully fibre-based networks, whilst technically the most advanced solution,(More)
In this paper we introduce a novel algorithm for extracting desired speech signals uttered by moving speakers contaminated by competing speakers and stationary noise in a reverberant environment. The proposed beamformer uses eigenvectors spanning the desired and interference signals subspaces. It relaxes the common requirement on the activity patterns of(More)