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—We consider a sensor array located in an enclosure , where arbitrary transfer functions (TFs) relate the source signal and the sensors. The array is used for enhancing a signal contaminated by interference. Constrained minimum power adaptive beamforming, which has been suggested by Frost and, in particular, the generalized sidelobe canceler (GSC) version,(More)
—Speech quality and intelligibility might significantly deteriorate in the presence of background noise, especially when the speech signal is subject to subsequent processing. In particular , speech coders and automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems that were designed or trained to act on clean speech signals might be rendered useless in the presence of(More)
A dual-step approach for speaker localization based on a microphone array is addressed in this paper. In the first stage, which is not the main concern of this paper, the time difference between arrivals of the speech signal at each pair of microphones is estimated. These readings are combined in the second stage to obtain the source location. In this(More)
In many practical environments we wish to extract several desired speech signals, which are contaminated by nonstationary and stationary interfering signals. The desired signals may also be subject to distortion imposed by the acoustic room impulse responses (RIRs). In this paper, a linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) beamformer is designed for(More)
In speech enhancement applications microphone array postfiltering allows additional reduction of noise components at a beamformer output. Among microphone array structures the recently proposed general transfer function generalized sidelobe canceller (TF-GSC) has shown impressive noise reduction abilities in a directional noise field, while still(More)
In speech communication systems the received microphone signals are degraded by room reverberation and ambient noise that decrease the fidelity and intelligibility of the desired speaker. Reverberant speech can be separated into two components, viz. early speech and late reverberant speech. Recently, various algorithms have been developed to suppress late(More)
The minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) beamformer, also known as Capon's beamformer, is widely studied in the area of speech enhancement. The MVDR beamformer can be used for both speech dereverberation and noise reduction. This paper provides new insights into the MVDR beamformer. Specifically, the local and global behavior of the MVDR(More)
All rights reserved. No part of the publication may be reproduced in any form by print, photoprint, microfilm or any other means without written permission from the publisher. Acknowledgement I would like to thank my family for all the support and love they have given me over the years. My parents have always believed in me and this taught me to believe in(More)
In this paper we describe a new multichannel room impulse responses database. The impulse responses are measured in a room with configurable reverberation level resulting in three different acoustic scenarios with reverberation times RT60 equals to 160 ms, 360 ms and 610 ms. The measurements were carried out in recording sessions of several source positions(More)