Sharon G. Adler

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As end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has a four times higher incidence in African Americans compared to European Americans, we hypothesized that susceptibility alleles for ESRD have a higher frequency in the West African than the European gene pool. We carried out a genome-wide admixture scan in 1,372 ESRD cases and 806 controls and found a highly significant(More)
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic vasculitic disorder first reported by Heberden in 1806. The association of purpura and joint pain was described by Schönlein in 1837, who termed it “peliosis rheumatica.” Henoch added a description of four children with skin lesions associated with colicky abdominal pain, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and joint(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Recent studies show high prevalence of suboptimal 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in chronic kidney disease patients. This study sought to test the hypothesis that the prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency is significantly higher in chronic kidney disease patients and, in diabetic nephropathy, low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D is(More)
Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) predicts a higher cardiovascular risk in the general population. Because patients with chronic kidney disease are more likely to have low serum 25OHD, we determined the relationship between hypovitaminosis D and death in this group. Analysis was done using a cohort composed of 3011 patients from the Third National(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetic nephropathy, the most common cause of end-stage renal disease, aggregates in families and specific ethnic groups. Deconstructing diabetic nephropathy into intermediate, quantitative phenotypes may increase feasibility of detecting susceptibility loci by genetic screens. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which characterizes diabetic(More)
Vascular calcification is one of the mechanisms mediating the higher mortality risk associated with the hyperphosphatemia of chronic kidney disease. Though common, and often severe in non-dialyzed proteinuric diabetics, there are no studies on the prognostic significance of coronary artery calcification in early stage type 2 diabetic nephropathy. Here we(More)
Reactive oxygen species, particularly hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), participate in neutrophil-mediated glomerulonephritis. However, the mechanism of H2O2 neptrotoxicity is unknown. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), a neutrophil cationic enzyme that localizes in glomeruli, can react with H2O2 and halides to form highly reactive products. We tested the hypothesis that the(More)
The Family Investigation of Nephropathy and Diabetes (FIND) was initiated to map genes underlying susceptibility to diabetic nephropathy. A total of 11 centers participated under a single collection protocol to recruit large numbers of diabetic sibling pairs concordant and discordant for diabetic nephropathy. We report the findings from the first-phase(More)
For admixture mapping studies in Mexican Americans (MAM), we define a genomewide single-nucleotide-polymorphism (SNP) panel that can distinguish between chromosomal segments of Amerindian (AMI) or European (EUR) ancestry. These studies used genotypes for >400,000 SNPs, defined in EUR and both Pima and Mayan AMI, to define a set of ancestry-informative(More)